Sreepathy

 AYURVEDIC MEDICINAL PLANTS

 

Transliteration Key.

A=A, A-, Ai, Am, Ah.   B= Ba Bha. C= Ca, Cha. D= D-a, D-ha, Da, Dha. E= E, E-. F= --, G= Ga, Gha.   H= Ha.   I=I, I-.   J= Ja, Jha.   K= Ka, Kha, Ksa.   L= La, L.a.   M= Ma.   N= Na, , N-a. N.a, N-a.   O= O, O-, OU.   P= Pa, Pha.   Q =--. R= R, Ra.      S= Sa.   T= T-a, T-ha, Ta, Tha.   U= U, U-.   V= Va.   W=--. X=--.Y= Ya. Z= --.

 

 

Sl. No.

 

Malayalam Name

Botanical Name

Family

Parts used in Ayurveda.

 

A- lila kkallu-r vanchi

 

Rotula acquatica Lour.

Boraginaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- llam

 

Careya arborea Roxb.

Barrigtoniaceae

Leaves, bark

 

 

A- lmond

 

Prunus amygdalus L.

Rosaceae

Fruits

 

 

A- mbal

 

Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f.

Nymphaceae

Rhizome, Flowers &seeds

 

 

A- na choriyannam

 

Girardina zeylanica L.

Urticaceae

Leaves

 

 

A- na chunda

 

Solanum torvum L.

Solanaceae

Fruits, Roots

 

 

A- na chuvadi

 

Elephantopus scaber L.

Asteraceae

Roots, bark, leaves&flowers

 

 

A- na kuruntho- tti

 

Sida spinosa L.

Malvaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- na ppana

 

Caryota urens L.

Palmae

Buds, leaves, nuts

 

 

A- na thippalli

 

Scindapsus officinalis Schott.

Araceae

Inflorenscence

 

 

A- na yadiyan

 

Elephantopus scaber L.

Asteraceae

Roots, bark, leaves&flowers

 

 

A- nan-erin-il

 

Pedalium murex L.

Pedaliaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A -njili

Artocarpus hirsuta Lam.

 

Moraceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- ral

 

Clitoria ternatea L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, leaves, seeds.

 

 

A- rogyapacha

 

Trichopus zeylanicus Gaertn.

Dioscoriaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- ru ve-ppu

 

Azadirachta indica Juss.

Meliaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- rukam

 

Prunus domestica L.

Rosaceae

Fruts

 

 

A- rya ve-la

 

Cleome viscosa L.

Capparidaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- rya ve-ppu

 

Azadirachta indica Juss.

Meliaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- sa- li

 

Lepidium sativum L.

Cruciferae

Seeds

 

 

A- tan mula

 

Capparis deciduas Forsk.

Capparidaceae

Roots & Fruits

 

 

A- tha chakka

 

Annona squamosa L.

Anonaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- tt.u kott.appa- la

 

Aristolochia bracteata Retz.

Aristolochiaceae

Roots & W.Plant

 

 

A- tthi

 

Sesbania grandiflora Pers.

Papilionaceae

Roots, bark, leaves&flowers

 

 

A- ttu maruthu

 

Terminalia arjuna Roxb.

Combretaceae

Bark, fruits

 

 

A- ttu pe-zhu

 

Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn.

Barringtoniaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- ttu vanchi

 

Salix tetrasperma Roxb.

 

Salicaceae

Bark of roots, leaves, fruits

 

 

 

A -tu na-rive-la (var)

 

Cleome viscosa L.

Capparidaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A- val

 

Holoptelea integrifolia Pl.

Ulmaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

A- van.ak

 

Ricinus communis L.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves, roots, flrs, seeds&0il.

 

 

A- var thaki

 

Cassia auriculata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

A- vara

 

Cassia auriculata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

A- vil

 

Holoptelea integrifolia Pl.

Ulmaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Acha-ramkolli

 

Polycarpae corymbosa L.

Caryophyllaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Acla-ri the-nga

Lodoicea maldivica Poir.

Arecaceae

 

Husk, endosperm.

 

 

Agasi

 

Linum usitatissimum L.

Linaceae

 

Flrs, seeds, oil.

 

 

Agasthi

 

Capparis decidua Forsk.

Capparidaceae

Roots, fruits.

 

 

 

Agathi

 

Sesbania grandiflora Pers.

Papilionaceae

Roots, leaves, bark, flrs.

 

 

Agnima-nda

 

Clerodendrum phlomoids L.

Verbenaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Aivirali kko-va

 

Diplocyclos palmata L.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ajapriya

 

Zizyphus numularia W&A

Rhamnaceae

Fruits

 

 

Aka-ra karabha

Anacyclus pyrethrum DC.

Asteraceae

Whole plant

 

 

 

A-kasa garud.akkodi

 

Cuscuta reflexa Roxb

Convolvulaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A-kasa valli

Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.

 

Convolvulaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A-kasavalli

 

Cassytha filiformis L.

Lauraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Akassi

Linum usitatissimum L.

Linaceae

 

Flowers, seeds, oil.

 

       47

Akathi

 

Sesbania grandiflora Pers.

Papilionaceae

Wood

 

 

Akathi (var)

 

Sesbania aegyptica L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, Whole Plant

 

 

Akho-ri

 

Flacourtia indica. L.

Flacourtiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Akil

Aquilaria agallocha   Roxb.

Thymediaceae

 

Whole plant

 

 

Akkaramkolli

 

Polycarpae corymbosa L.

Caryophyllaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Akka-ramkolli

 

Polycarpae corymbosa L.

Caryophyllaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Akki kkaruka

Anacyclus pyrethrum   DC.

Asteraceae

Whole plant

 

 

 

Akkra-ve

Anacyclus pyrethrum DC.

Asteraceae

Whole plant

 

 

 

Akkrott.

Juglans regia DC.

Juglandaceae

Fruit

 

 

 

Akshoda vrusham

 

Juglans regia L.

Juglandaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Akso-dam

 

Juglans regia L.

Juglandaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Alakku che-ru

Semecarpus anacardium L.

Anacardiaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Alambbu

 

Lagenaria vulgaris L.

Cucurbitaceae

Roots

 

 

Alari

Plumeria rubra L.

Apocynaceae

Roots, Bark, Flowers.

 

 

 

Alassipoo-maram

 

Delonix regia Rot.

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark,Leaves

 

 

Ama

 

Arundo donax L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

Ama

 

Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.

Poaceae

Roots &stem

 

 

Ama e-tta

 

Arundo donax L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

Amal ppori

 

Rauvolfia serpentina L.

Apocynaceae

Roots &leaves

 

 

Amalave-dasa

 

Garcinia pedunculata Roxb.

Clusiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Amarcha kkodi

 

Cayratia carnosa Wall.

Vitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Amari

 

Indigofera tinctoria L.

Papilionaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Amba- zham

 

Spondias pinnata L.

Anacardiaceae

Bark &fruits

 

 

Ambazham

 

Spondias pinnata L.

Anacardiaceae

Bark &fruits

 

 

Amburi ppachila

 

Securinega leucopyrus Willd.

Euphorbiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ampott.al

 

Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.

Poaceae

Roots &stem

 

 

Amruth

Tinospora cordifolia Willd.

Menispermaceae

Stem

 

 

Amruth valli

Tinospora cordifolia Willd.

Menispermaceae

Stem

 

 

Amukkuram

 

Withania somnifera Dun.

Solanaceae

Roots & leaves

 

 

A-nakkaitha

 

Agave americana L.

Liliaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Anali ve-gam

 

Alstonia venenata R. Br.

Apocynaceae

Roots & Fruits

 

 

Anana- s

 

Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr.

Bromeliaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ango-lam

 

Alangium salvifolium Wang.

Alangiaceae

Roots, fruits.

 

 

A-njali

Artocarpus hirsuta Lam.

 

Moraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Anjila tha-li

 

Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.

Convovulaceae

Tuberous roots

 

 

Anna kka-ra

 

Garuga pinnata Roxb.

Burseraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Anthimalari

 

Mirabilis jalapa L.

Nyctaginaceae

Roots,Leaves

 

 

Appa

 

Ageratum conyzoides L.

Asteraceae

Roots &leaves

 

 

Appa kkadukka

 

Cochlospermum religiosum L.

Cochlospermaceae

Leaves, flowers.

 

 

Apricot.

 

Prunus armeniaca L.

Rosaceae

Fruits

 

 

Arabi kundaricum

 

Liquidamber orientalis Mill.

Hamamelidaceae

Resin [Balsm]        

 

 

Arali

 

Nerium odorum Ait.

Apocynaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Arali

 

Nerium oleander-roseum L.

Apocynaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Aram puli

 

Bauhinia racemosa Lam.

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark, Leaves

 

 

Aran.a maram

 

Polyalthia longifolia Hk .f. & T.

Anonaceae

Bark

 

 

Arani.

 

Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.

Simarubaceae

Bark, Flowers.

 

 

Aratha

 

Alpinia galanga L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Araya- val

 

Cleome viscosa L.

Cruciferae

Leaves, Seeds

 

 

Araya-l

 

Ficus religiosa L.

Moraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Arga-thi

Sesbania grandiflora Pers.

Papilionaceae

Roots, Bark, Leaves &Flowers

 

 

 

Ari

 

Oryza sativa L

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Arime-dam

 

Acacia furnesiana Willd.

Mimosoideae

Bark,Leaves

 

 

Arinelli

      

Phyllanthus acidus (Linn.) Skeels

Euphorbiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Arippu

 

Lantana camara var. aculeate L.

Verbenaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Aristaka

 

Sapindus trifolia L.

Sapindaceae

Bark, Roots.

 

 

Arive-lam

 

Acacia furnesiana Willd.

Mimosoideae

Bark,Leaves

 

 

Aruni

 

Nerium oleander-album L.

Apocynaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Arutha

 

Ruta graveolens L.

Rutaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Asho-kam

 

Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark, Leaves, Flowers.

 

 

Ashtagandha

 

Withania aswaganda L.

Solanaceae

Roots

 

 

Ashtagandhamaram

 

Aquilaia malacienisis Lam.

Thymediaceae

Leaves Roots

 

 

Astama-nthaka

 

Ficus rumpjii L.

Moraceae

Bark

 

 

At.a pathiyan

 

Holostemma ada-kodien Schul.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

At.a pothiyan

 

Holostemma ada-kodien Schul.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

At.akka- maniyan

 

Sphaeranthus indicus L.

Asteraceae

Whole plant

 

 

At.akka- maram

 

Areca catechu L.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

At.akka-pazham

 

Psidium guajava L.

Myrtaceae

Roots, leaves, fruits

 

 

At.akka-ppa-nal

 

Desmodium triquetrum L.

Papilionaceae

Whole plant

 

 

At.akodiyan

 

Holostemma ada-kodien Schul.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

At.ambbu valli

 

Ipomoea pes- caprae L.

Convovulaceae

Whole plant

 

 

At.ambu

 

Ipomoea pes- caprae L.

Convovulaceae

Whole plant

 

 

At.ambuvalli

 

Butea parviflora Roxb.

Papilionaceae

Bark,Gum,Leaves

 

 

At.avi kacho-lam  

 

Angelica glauca L.

Apiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

A-t.una- rive-la

 

Cleome gynandra L.

Capparidaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

A-talot.akam              

Adhatoda vasica Nees.

Acanthaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Athassipo-maram

 

Delonix regia Rot.

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark,Leaves

 

 

Athi vit.ayam

 

Aconitum heterophyllum Wall.

Ranunculaceae

Roots

 

 

Athibala

 

Abutilon racemosum L.

 

Malvaceae

Roots

 

 

Att.a-ni parippu

 

Lens culinaris Medicas.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Atthi

 

Ficus recemosa L.

Moraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Atthi chakka

 

Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr.

Bromeliaceae

Fruits

 

 

Atthi thippalli

 

Scindapsus officinalis Schott.

Araceae

Inflorescence

 

 

Atthine-r

 

Ficus racemosa L.

Moraceae

Latex

 

 

A-ttu derbha

Imperata cylindrica Beauv.

 

Poaceae

Roots.

 

 

A-ttu punna

 

Calophyllum apetalum Linn.

Clusiaceae

Bark, seeds

 

 

A-ttu the-kku

 

Neolamarckia cadamba Roxb.

Rubiaceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

A-ttuvanchi (Var)

 

Salix caprea L.

Salicaceae

Wood

 

 

A-tu thinna-ppa-la

            

Aristolochia bracteata Retz.

Aristolochiaceae

Roots & W.Plant

 

 

A-tuthoda-ppa-la

 

Aristolochia indica L.

Aristolochiaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Avara

 

Lablab purpureus L.

Papilionaceae

Leaves, Seeds

 

 

Avaram

 

Cassia auriculata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Fruits,Leaves,Roots.

 

 

Ave- n

 

Papaver somniferum L.

Papavaraceae

Petals, Fruits, Seeds.

 

 

A-ve-rum

 

Cassia auriculata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

Avil

 

Elaeocarpus serratus L.

Elaeocarpaceae

Leaves, Fruits

 

 

Avilppori

 

Ophiorrhiza mungo L.

Rubiaceae

Roots

 

 

Ayamo-dakam

 

Trachysermum ammi L.

Apiacae

Fruits

 

 

Ayamo-dakam ((var)

 

Trachyspermum roxburghianum DC.

Apiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ayani

 

Artocarpus hirsuta Lam.

Moraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ayani ppla-vu

 

Artocarpus hirsuta Lam.

Moraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ayyabba-na

 

Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl.

Asteraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ayyappa-la

 

Wrightia tinctoria Roxb.

Apocynaceae

Bark & leaves

 

 

Ayyappa-na

 

Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl.

Asteraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Azhinjil

 

Alangium salvifolium Wang.

Alangiaceae

Roots, Flowers.

 

 

Azhukanni

 

Cressa cretica L.

Convolvulaceae

Whole plant

 

 

 

Bada-m

Prunus dulcis DA.

Rosaceae

Kernel oil

 

 

 

Bada-m kotta

Prunus dulcis DA.

Rosaceae

Kernel oil

 

 

Bala vacha

 

Iris versicolour L.

Iridaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Balbaja ppullu

 

Pollinidium angustifolium L.

Poaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Ballado-na

Atropa bella-dona L.

Solanaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Ba-na ppu-v

Catheranthus roseus L.

Apocynaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Ba-rli

Hordeum vulgare L.

Poaceae

Grain

 

 

 

Basala chi-ra

Basella alba var. rubra L.

Basellaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Bensoin

Styrax benzoin L.

Stryraceae

Latex

 

 

 

Bhuja pathram

Betula utilis D. Don.

Betulaceae

Bark.

 

 

Bhumicha kkarai

 

Maerua arenaria Hook.

 

Capparidaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Bhurja maram

 

Betula utilis D. Don.

Betulaceae

Bark.

 

 

Bhuthangu-sam

 

Croton oblongifolius Roxb.

Euphorbiaceae

Bark.

 

 

 

Bi-di yila

Diopyros verginiana L.

Ebnaceae

Leaves

 

 

 

Bi-tt root

Beeta vulgaris L.

Chenopodiaceae

Tap root, leaves

 

 

 

Brahmi

Bacopa monieri L.

Scrophulariaceae

W.plant

 

 

Branga ra-ja

 

Weddelia calendulaca L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Celary

 

Apium graveolens L.

Apiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Chadachi

 

Grewia tilifolia Vahl.

Teliaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Chadayan

 

Passiflora foetida L.

Passifloraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Chakari pazham

 

Grewia hirsuta Vahl.

Teliaceae

Fruits

 

 

Chakkara kolli

 

Gymnema sylvestre R.B.

Asclepiadaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chakkara thakara

 

Cassia tora L.

Caesalpiniaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chakkaramullu

 

Acanthus ilicifolius L.

Acanthaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Chakrathakara

 

Cassia tora L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves

 

 

Cha-ma

 

Panicum millare L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Chamatha

 

Butea monosperma L.

Papilionaceae

Bark, Leaves

 

 

Chanam

 

Corchorus capsularis L.

Teliaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chanam (var)

 

Crotalaria juncea L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds, Bark

 

 

Chandana ve-ppu

 

Toona ciliata Roem.

Meliaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chandi ppayar

 

Canavelia gladiata Jacq.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Changalam peranda

 

Cissus quadrangularis L.

Vitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chanjusakam

 

Corchorus fasicularis L.

Teliaceae

W.plant

 

 

Channa ku-va

 

Costus speciosus L.

Zingiberaceae

Leaves

 

 

Chappagam

 

Caesalpinia sapan L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Heartwood

 

 

Charalam

 

Pinus longifolia Roxb.

Pinaceae

Resin

 

 

Charalam (var)

 

Pinus roxburghii L.

Pinaceae

Oil

 

 

Charmalanda

 

Acacia sinuata L.

Mimosoideae

Pods

 

 

Chathura kkalli

 

Euphorbia antiquorum L

Euphorbiaceae

Latex

 

 

Chathura mulla

 

Myxopyrum serratum L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chathura ppuli

 

Averhoa carambola L.

Oxallidaceae

Fruits

 

 

Chathura valli

 

Myxopyrum serratum L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chavyam

 

Piper chaba L.

Piperaceae

Roots

 

 

Che- la maram

 

Ficus arnottiana L.

Moraceae

Bark

 

 

Che- mbu

 

Colocasia esculenta L.

Araceae

Corm.

 

 

Che- rkkuru

 

Semicarpus anacardium L.

Anacardiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Che- ru

 

Semicarpus anacardium L.

Anacardiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Che-laeam

 

Parmelia perlata Huds.

Parmeliaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chem paruthi

 

Gossipium arboreum L.

Malvaceae

Cellulose fibre

 

 

Chembarathi

 

Hibiscus rosa- sinensis L.

Malvaceae

Leaves, flowers

 

 

Chembathi

 

Hibiscus rosa- sinensis L.

Malvaceae

Leaves, flowers

 

 

Chemmaram

 

Aphanamixis polystachya Wall.

Meliaceae

Bark, seeds

 

 

Chempakam

 

Michelia champaca L.

Magnoliaceae

Leaves, flowers

 

 

Chen chandanam

 

Pterocarpus santalinus Lin.f.

Papilionaceae

Heartwood

 

 

Chen chi-ra

 

Beeta vulgaris L.

Chenopodiaceae

Taproot, leaves

 

 

Chen kat.uk

 

Brassica compestries L.

Brassicaceae

Seeds

 

 

Chen tha-mara

 

Nelumbo nucifera Gartn.

Nymphaceae

W.plant

 

 

Che-na

 

Amorphophallus companulatus L.

Araceae

Corm.

 

 

Chee-nappa-ve

 

Smilax glabera Roxb.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Chee-nappa-ve (var)

 

Smilax macrophylla L.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Chee-nappa-ve (var)

 

Smilax prolifera L.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Chee-nappa-ve (var)

 

Smilax zeyanica L.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Chendu-rakam

 

Carthamus tinctorius L

Asteraceae

Seeds

 

 

Chengazhineer

 

Kaemferia rotunda L.

Zingiberaceae

Tubers

 

 

Chengazhineer Kizhag

 

Kaempferia rotunda L.

Zingiberaceae

Tubers

 

 

Chengazhineer ku- va

 

Kaempferia rotunda L.

Zingiberaceae

Tubers

 

 

Chengillyam

 

Shorea robusta Gartn.

Dipterocarpaceae

Resin

 

 

Chenkan.a pullu

 

Cymbopogon citratus DC.

Poaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chenni na-yakam

 

Aloe barbadensis Mill.

Liliaceae

Solidified cell sap

 

 

Cheriya At.a kothimbala

 

Holostemma ada-kodien Schul.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

Cheriya E-tha

Phoenix dactylifera L.

 

Palmae

Fruits

 

 

Cheriya Ka- ttu vellari

 

Cucumis callosus L.

Cucurbitaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Cheriya Karpu- rathulasi

 

Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Cheriya landa

 

Ziziphus oenoplia L.

Rhamnaceae

Roots

 

 

Cheriya Mu-nja

 

Premna corymbosa R ottl.

Verbenaceae

W.plant

 

 

Cheriya Ra- mathulassi

 

Ocimum basilicum L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Cheriya Ukamaram

 

Salvadora oleoides D. Don.

Salvadoraceae

Fruits, leaves

 

 

Cheriya ulli

 

Allium cepa L.

Liliaceae

Bulb

 

 

Cherry

 

Prunus erasus L.

Rosaceae

Fruits

 

 

Cheru chana

 

Linum usitatissimum L.

Linaceae

Flrs, seeds

 

 

Cheru Chi- ra

 

Amaranthus spinosus L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Cheru chunda

 

Solanum anguivi Lam.

Solanaceae

Roots

 

 

Cheru chu-ral

 

Calamus travencoricus L.

Palmae

W.plant

 

 

Cheru kacho-lam

 

Hedychium spicatum Buch.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Cheru Kadali

 

Osbeckia glauca L.

Melastomaceae

W.plant

 

 

Cheru Ka-ra

 

Canthium parviflorum Lam.

Rubiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Cheru Kat.ala-di

 

Cyathula prostrata L.

Amaranthaceae

Roots

 

 

Cheru kat.uk

 

Brassica junceae L

Cruciferae

Seeds

 

 

Cheru Kla-v

 

Carissa carandas L.

Apocynaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Cheru Kumbalanga

 

Benincasa hispida L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

 

 

Cheru Kumble

 

Salvadora oleoides D. Don.

Salvadoraceae

Fruits, leaves

 

 

Cheru- la

 

Aerva lanata L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Cheru Nagadendi

 

Baliospermum montanum Willd.

Euphorbiaceae

Roots, leaves, seeds

 

 

Cheru N-ara

 

Syzygium caryophyllatum L.

Myrtaceae

Flr.buds

 

 

Cheru Na-rekam

 

Citrus limon L.

Rutaceae

Fruits

 

 

Cheru Naruvari

 

Cordia dichotoma Forst.

Boraginaceae

W.plant

 

 

Cheru payar

 

Vigna radiata L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Cheru-la

 

Aerva lanata L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Cheru pullat.i

 

Adiantum lanulatum L.

Fern

W.plant

 

 

Cheru punna

 

Celastrus paniculatus L.

Celastraceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Cheru te-k

 

Clerodendrum seratum L.

Verbenaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Cheru thulasi

 

Ocimum cannum L.

Lamiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Cheru vazhuthanaga

 

Solanum anguivi Lam.

Solanaceae

Roots

 

 

Cheru vidukol

 

Vigna tilobata L.

Papilionaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Cheruche-ra

 

Alternanthera versicolor L.

Amaranthaceae

Leaves

 

 

Cherukaruva

 

Cinnamomum wightii L.

Lauraceae

Bark

 

 

Cheruna- ragam

 

Citrus aurantifolia L.

Rutaceae

Fruits

 

 

Cherupanicha

 

Diospyros tomentosa Roxb.

Ebnaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Cherupullat.i (var)

Desmodium trifolium L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Cherupullat.i (var)

 

Justicia diffusa Willd.

Acanthaceae

Leaves

 

 

Cheruvallal

 

Hydrocotyle javanica L.

Apiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Cheruvayana

 

Cinnamomum tamala L.

Lauraceae

Bark

 

 

Cheruvula

 

Aerva lanata L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chethi

 

Ixora coccinea L.

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chethi kot.ive-li

 

Plumbago indica L.

Plumbaginaceae

Roots

 

 

Chi -na ppa-v

 

Smilax china L.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Chi- vikka

 

Acacia sinuata Lour.

Mimosoideae

Pods

 

 

Chica- ca

 

Acacia sinuata L.

Mimosoideae

Pods

 

 

Chinna- mukki

 

Cassia angustifoli L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves

 

 

Chithira ppa-la

 

Euphorbia hirta L.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chithirppa-la (var)

 

Euphorbia thymifolia L.

Euphorbiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Chittae-lam

 

Elettaria cardamomum Matrn.

Zingiberaceae

Fruits

 

 

Chittaratha

 

Alpinia calcarata L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Chitta-t.a lot.akam

 

Adhatoda beddomei L.

Acanthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chitta-thirani

 

Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Cho- lam

 

Zea mays L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Chokkan chi- ra

 

Rumex vesicarius L.

Polygonaceae

Leaves

 

 

Chokkan ka-ya

 

Bixa orellana L.

Bixaceae

Leaves

 

 

Chokkan ki-ra

 

Rumex vesicarius L.

Polygonaceae

Leaves

 

 

Chonna- mukki

 

Cassia senna L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves

 

 

Chori valli

 

Cayratia carnosa Wall.

Vitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chori yannam

 

Tragia involucrata L.

Euphorbiaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Chorikkotta

 

Grewia microcos L.

Teliaceae

Roots Bark.

 

 

Chowwalli kot.i

 

Rubia cordifolia L.

Rubiaceae

Roots

 

 

Chu- ral

 

Calamus rotang L.

Palmae

W.plant

 

 

Chukku

 

Zingiber officinale Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Chukru mani

 

Souropus androguinus L.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Chu-lamaruth

 

Terminalia travancorensis W&Arn

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

Chulli

 

Hygrophylla auriculata Schum.

Acanthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chunda

 

Solanum anguivi Lam.

Solanaceae

Roots

 

 

Chunda (var)

 

Solanum erianthum D.Don

Solanaceae

Roots, Flowers

 

 

 

Chu-nda ppana

 

Caryota urens L.

Arecaceae

Seeds, leaves

 

 

Chura

 

Lagenaria vulgaris L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits, stem

 

 

Churali

 

Mesua nagassarium Burn f.

Clusiaceae

Flowers, oil

 

 

Chut.u kalpuram

 

Cinnamomum camphora L.

Lauraceae

Bark.

 

 

Chutti thirutha-li

 

Ipomoea sepiaria Koen.

Convolvulaceae

W.plant

 

 

Chuvanna - Chegazhineer

Kaempferia rotunda L.

Zingiberaceae

Roots

 

 

Chuvanna a-l

 

Ficus lacor Buch &Ham

Moraceae

Bark

 

 

Chuvanna amalpori

 

Rauvolfia serpentina L.

Apocynaceae

Roots

 

 

Chuvanna atambu

 

Argyreia nervosa Burm f.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

Chuvanna kat.aladi

 

Cyathula prostrata L

Amaranthaceae

Roots

 

 

Chuvanna kot.uve-li

 

Plumbago indica / rosea L.

Plumbaginaceae

Roots

 

 

Chuvanna kunni

 

Abrus precatorius L.

Papilionaceae

Roots

 

 

Chuvanna mulak

 

Capsicum annum L.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

Chuvanna velutha arali

 

Nerium indicum Mill.

Apocynaceae

Bark of roots, leaves

 

 

Chuvanna mantha-ram

 

Bauhinia variegata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Roots, bark

 

 

Chuvanna-thrikolpakkonna

Operculina turpethum L.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

Chuvannulli

 

Allium cepa L.

Liliaceae

Bulb

 

 

Chuzhali pa- rakam

 

Xanthium strumarium L.

Astraceae

W.plant

 

 

Chuzhalipa-rakam

 

Xanhium strumarium L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Cincho-na

Cinchona officianalis L.

Rubiaceae

Bark

 

 

Daiva ppa-la

 

Alstonia scholaris L.

Apocynaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Danda ppa-la

 

Wrightia tinctoria Roxb.

Apocynaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Dandi

 

Baliospermum montanum Willd.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Dandika

 

Baliospermum montanum Willd.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Darba ppullu

 

Desmostachya bipinnata L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

Darbha

 

Desmostachya bipinnata L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

De-vada-ram

 

Cedrus deodara Roxb.

Pinaceae

Heart wood

 

 

Dhanua ya-ssam

 

Fagonia cretica L.

Zygophyllaceae

W.plant

 

 

Dhanuana vruksham

 

Grewia tilifolia Vahl.

Teliaceae

Bark.

 

 

Duktha fe-ni

 

Taxacum officinale L.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

Dura labha

 

Fagonia cretica L.

Zygophyllaceae

W.plant

 

 

E- zhilam pa-la

 

Alstonia scholaris L.

Apocynaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

E-ka nayakam

 

Salacia reticulata Wight.

Hippocrataceae

Roots

 

 

E-la va-lukam

 

Prunus cerasoides D.Don.

Rosacae

Fruits

 

 

Elakkalli

 

Euphorbia nerifolia L.

Euphorbiaceae

Roots , Leaves, Latex

 

 

E-lam

 

Elettaria cardamomum Matrn.

Zingiberaceae

Seeds, Oil

 

 

Elangi

Mimosops elengi L.

Sapotaceae

Bark, flrs, seeds

 

 

Elavangam

 

Cinnamomum verum Presl.

Lauraceae

Bark, oil

 

 

Elavangam (var)

 

Cinamomum zylanicum L.

Lauraceae

Bark

 

 

Elave

 

Salmalia malabarica Schott.

Bombacaceae

Latex, Bark

 

 

Elavu

 

Bombax cieba L.

Bombacaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Eli chevi

 

Merremia emarginata Burm f.

Convolvulaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Eli ppongu

 

Mesua nagasarium Burm f.

Clusiaceae

Flowers, leaves

 

 

Eli tadiyan

 

Rhaphidophora laciniata Burm f.

Araceae

Stem

 

 

Eli chuzhiyan

 

Didymocarpus tomentosa L.

Gesneriaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ellenna

 

Sesamum indicum L

Pedaliaceae

Seeds, oil

 

 

Ellu

 

Sesamum indicum L

Pedaliaceae

Roots, leaves, seeds

 

 

Enna ppana

 

Eleas guanensis L.

Arecaceae

Pericarp, seeds

 

 

Ephedra

 

Ephedra geradiana Wall.

Ephedraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Eratt.a a- ni

 

Leea indica Burm f.

Leeaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Eratt.i madhuram

 

Glycyrrhiza glabra L.

Papilionaceae

Roots

 

 

Eringium

 

Eringium foetida L.

Apiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Eroppa kaitha

 

Agave americana L.

Lilliaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Eru kkizhag

 

Zingiber officianale Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Eruka ppullu

 

Typha angustata B &Ch.

Typhaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Erukku

 

Calotropis gigantea L.

Asclepiadaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Eruma kkalli

 

Argemon mexicana L.

Papavaraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Eruma na-kku

 

Ficus hispida L.

Moraceae

Root, bark, leaves

 

 

Eru ppacha

 

Spilanthus calva L.

Asteraceae

Flower buds

 

 

E-zha chembakam

 

Plumeria acutifolia L

Apocynaceae

Bark

 

 

E-zhal

 

Embelia tjerm-cottam L

Myrsinaceae

Roots

 

 

Ganapathi na- rekam

 

Citrus medica L.

Rutaceae

Fruits

 

 

Gandha je-rakam

 

Plantago ovata Forsk.

Plantaginaceae

Seeds

 

 

Gandha ko- kila

 

Aganosma dichotoma Roth.

Apocynaceae

Latex, Flowers

 

 

Gandha nachet.i

 

Achillea millefolium L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ganga thulasi

 

Hyptis suaveolens L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Gantha prasa- rani

 

Paederia foetida L.

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Gantha ra-jan

 

Gardenia gummifera L.

Rubiaceae

Resin

 

 

Garuda kkot.i

 

Aristolochia indica L.

Aristolochiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Garuda ppacha

 

Selaginella rupestris L.

Selagnellaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Gaveduka

 

Coix lacryma – jobi L.

Poaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ghuda sarkara

 

Grewia hirsuta Vahl.

Teliaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Go- gibra

 

Onosma bracteatum Wall.

Boraginaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Go- puramthangi

 

Andrographis echioides Nees.

Acanthaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Go- raksha

 

Dalbergia lanceolaria L.

Papilionaceae

Bark

 

 

Go-tamb

 

Triticum aestivum L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Gra-mbu

 

Syzygium aromaticum L.

Myrtaceae

Dried flower buds

 

 

Granthi ka-keram

 

Limnanthemum cristatum Gris.

Gentianaceae

W.plant

 

 

Guggulu maram

 

Commiphora wightii L.

Burseraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Gulgulu

 

Commiphora mukul Hook.

Burseraceae

Latex

 

 

Gulkhera cheti

 

Althea officianalis L.

Malvaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Ha pusha

Juniperus communis L.

Pinaceae

Cones

 

 

 

Harmal

Peganum harmala L.

Zygophyllaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

 

He-mandha haritham

Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall.

Ericaceae

Leaves

 

 

 

Himgu pathri

Gardenia gummifera L.

Rubiaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Hiranya thutham

Colchicum luteum L.

Liliaceae

W.plant

 

 

I la kalli

 

Euphorbia lingularia Roxb.

Euphorbiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I la mulachi

 

Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk.) Pers.

Crasulaceae

Leaves

 

 

I lakkanni

 

Smithia conferta SM.

Papilionaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I landa

 

Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.

Rhamnaceae

Leaves, bark, fruits.

 

 

I landa pazham

 

Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.

Rhamnaceae

Fruits

 

 

I langam

 

Cinnamomum verum Presl.

Lauraceae

Bark, oil

 

 

I langi

 

Mimosops elengi L.

Sapotaceae

Bark, flrs.fruits&seeds

 

 

I lave

 

Bombax ceiba L.

Bombacaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I lavin pasa

 

Bombax ceiba L.

Bombacaceae

Cell sap

 

 

I layimmel thai

 

Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk.) Pers.

Crasulaceae

Leaves

 

 

I lippa

 

Madhuca longifolia Koenia.

Sapotaceae

Bark, heart wood

 

 

I lippa po­ovu

 

Madhuca longifolia Koenia.

Sapotaceae

Bark, heart wood

 

 

I lli

 

Bambusa arundinacea Retz.

Poaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I- nth

 

Cycas circinalis L.

Cycadaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I- ra

 

Ochlandra Rheedei Gamb.

Poaceae

Stem, roots

 

 

I- ra kkathira

 

Vernonia arborea Ham.

Asteraceae

Whole plant

 

 

I- ran pana

 

Caryota urens L.

Arecaceae

Bud, leaves, nuts

 

 

I sda goal

 

Plantago ovata Forst.

Plantaginaceae

Seeds

 

 

I spa khal

 

Plantago ovata Forst.

Plantaginaceae

Seeds

 

 

I- swara mu- li

 

Aristolochia indica L.

Aristolochiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I- swara mulla

 

Aristolochia indica L.

Aristolochiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I- tha

 

Phoenix dactylifera L.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

I- tha ppana

 

Phoenix dactylifera L.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

I- thil pana

 

Cycas circinalis L.

Cycadaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I- tt.i

 

Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.

Papilionaceae

Wood

 

 

I- tta

 

Ochlandra Rheedei Gamb.

Poaceae

Stem, roots

 

 

I-cha pidiyan

 

Drosera peltata Linn.

Droceraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Iiviral

 

Schefflera stellata L.

Araliaceae

Roots, Bark

 

 

Ikan.a

 

Toona ciliata Roem.

Meliaceae

Bark, flrs.

 

 

Indrani

 

Vitex negundo L.

Verbenaceae

Leaves,Roots,Fruits.

 

 

Inja

 

Acacia caesia W. & A.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

I-nja

 

Acacia caesia W. & A.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Inji

 

Zingiber officinale Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Injipullu

 

Cymbopogon citrates D C.

Poaceae

Whole plant

 

 

I-rapullu

 

Typha elephantine L.

Typaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Iratt.a

nambia- -rvattum

 

Tabernamontana divaricata

(Linn.) R. Br.

Apocynaceae

Roots, latex, flrs.

 

 

Iravi

 

Garcinia morella Desr.

Clusiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Irin-il

 

Alangium salvifolium Wang.

Alangiaceae

Roots, Fruits

 

 

Irippa

 

Madhuca longifolia Koenia.

 

Sapotaceae

Bark, heartwood

 

 

Iru mullu

 

Xylia xylocarpa Taub.

Papilionaceae

Roots, leaves, bark

 

 

Irul

 

Xylia xylocarpa Taub.

Papilionaceae

Roots, leaves, bark

 

 

Irumban puli

 

Averrhoa carambola L.

Oxallidaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Iruv-eli

 

Plectranthus vettiveroides Lour.

Lamiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Iruvil

 

Xylia xylocarpa Taub.

Papilionaceae

Roots, leaves, bark

 

 

It. ana

 

Cinamomum inermis L.

Lauraceae

Bark

 

 

It.ampiri valampiri

 

Helicteres isora L.

Sterculiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

It.avakam

 

Malaxis muscifera Lindl.

Orchidaceae

Swollen stem

 

 

It.ichakka

 

Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb.

Moraceae

Fruits

 

 

It.ithil

 

Commiphora wightii L.

Burseraceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Ithil

 

Loranthus longiflorus L.

Loranthaceae

Leaves .

 

 

Itthi

 

Ficus microcarpa L.

Moraceae

Bark, leaves, roots

 

 

Itthi kanni

 

Loranthus falcatus Linn. f.

Loranthaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Itthikanni

 

Dendropththae falcata L.

Lorantaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Itthiyal

 

Ficus microcarpa L.

Moraceae

Bark, leaves, roots

 

 

Iyya-mpullu

 

Typha angustata B. &   Ch.

Typhaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ja- thi pathri

 

Myristica fragrans Houtt.

Myristicaceae

Seeds, aril

 

 

Ja- thikka

 

Myristica fragrans Houtt.

Myristicaceae

Seeds, aril

 

 

Ja- thikka maram

 

Myristica fragrans Houtt.

Myristicaceae

Seeds, aril

 

 

Jada-ma-msi

 

Nardostachys grandiflora DC.

Valerianaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Jada-ma-nji

 

Nardostachys grandiflora DC.

Valerianaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Jala thippalli

 

Phyla nodiflora L.

Verbenaceae

Fruits

 

 

Jamandhi

 

Chrysanthemum indicum L.

Asteraceae

Flowers

 

 

Ja-thi

 

Myristica fragrans Houtt.

Myristicaceae

Seeds, aril

 

 

Je- rakam

Cuminum cyminum L.

 

Apiaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Je- vakam

Malaxis acuminata D.Don.

 

Orchidaceae

Swollen stem

 

 

Je- vanthi

 

Leptadenia reticulata L.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

Jupha

 

Hissopus officianalis L.

Lamiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-njeram

 

Strchynose nux-vomica L.

Loganiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka -chil

 

Dioscorea alata L.

Dioscoriaceae

Tubers

 

 

Ka- kka palunk

 

Coix lacryma-jobi L.

Poaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

Ka- kka thondi

 

Trichosanthus tricuspidata L.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- kka thudali

 

Toddalia asiatica L.

Rutaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- li ppana

 

Caryota urens L.

Arecaceae

Cell sap, seeds

 

 

Ka- na kavug

 

Areca dioksoni L.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka- nthal

 

Gloriosa superba L.

Liliaceae

Rhizome.

 

 

Ka- ppi

 

Coffea arabica L.

Rubiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka- r thotti

 

Hugonia mystax L.

Linaceae

Roots

 

 

Ka- ra chulli

 

Catunaregum spinosa L

Rubiaceae

Bark, fruits

 

 

Ka- ra mullu

 

Canthium parviflorum Lam.

Rubiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Ka- rakil

 

Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.

Thymeleaceae

Wood

 

 

Ka- ratt (Carrot)

 

Daucus carota L.

Apiaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

Ka- ri lavu

 

Crotalaria retusa L.

Papilionaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- rko-kil

 

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka- rko-kilari

 

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka- ru ve-ppu

 

Garuga pinnata Roxb.

Burseraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka t­.amaram

 

Xylia xylocarpa Taub.

Mimosoideae

Bark, Seed oil

 

 

Ka- th

 

Acacia catechu L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Ka- tt.amaruth

 

Tinospora malabarica Lam.

Menispermaceae

Stem

 

 

Ka- tt.arakk

 

Crotalaria juncea L.

Papilionaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u che- ru

 

Holigarna arnotiana L

Anacardiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u cheera

 

Amaranthus viridis L.

Amaranthaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u cherupayar

 

Vigna pilosa Baker.

Papilionaceae

Roots

 

 

Ka- tt.u chura

 

Lagenaria siceraria L.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u go-thamp

 

Coix lacryma – jobi L.

Poaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

Ka- tt.u ja- thi

 

Myristica malabarica Lam.

Myristicaceae

Seeds, aril

 

 

Ka- tt.u jeerakam

 

Vernonia anthelmintica Willd.

Asteraceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u kadukka

 

Terminalia travancorensis W &Arn.

Combretaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u kalinjan

 

Garunga pinnata Roxb.

Burserace

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u kanaka- mbaram

 

Crosandra unduliformis L.

Acanthaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u kasthu-ri

 

Abelmoschus moschatus L.

Malvaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u kurumulak

 

Piper brachystachyum Wall.

Piperaceae

Roots, Fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u majal

 

Curcuma aromatica Salis.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Ka- tt.u mallika

 

Jasminum angustifolium L.

Oleaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Ka- tt.u mulak

 

Piper brachystachyum Wall.

Piperaceae

Roots, Fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u mulla

 

Jasminum angustifolium L.

Oleaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Ka- tt.u mundiri

 

Annona reticulata L.

Anonaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u munja

 

Premna corymbosa Rottl.

Verbenaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Ka- tt.u muthira

 

Cassia absus L.

Caesalpinaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka- tt.u n-arinnil

 

Pedalium murex L.

Pedaliaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u pado-lam

 

Trichosanthus lobata Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u paruthi

 

Gossipium arborium L.

Malvaceae

Leaves

 

 

Ka tt.u payar

 

Vigna pilosa Baker.

Papilionaceae

Roots

 

 

Ka- tt.u peeram

 

Luffa cylindrica Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u peranda

 

Cayratia carnosa Wall.

Vitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u pi- chil (var)

 

Luffa cylindrica Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u pu- varas

 

Hibiscus cannabinus L.

Malvaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u punna

 

Calophyllum elatum L.

Clusiaceae

Bark

 

 

Ka- tt.u tha- li

 

Ipomoea muricata Jacq.

Convolvulaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u thritha-v

 

Ocimum americanum L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Ka- tt.u thulasi

 

Ocimum americanum L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Ka- tt.u thumba

 

Trichodesma indica L.

Boraginaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka- tt.u va- zha

 

Musa superba L.

Musaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u vellari

 

Citrullus colocynthus L.

Cucurbitaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u vellari (small)

 

Cucumis trigonus L

Cucurbitaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Ka- tt.u zhunnu

 

Teramnus labialis Spreng. /

Vigna radiatus L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

Ka- tt.ulli

 

Urginea indica Kanth.

Liliaceae

Bulb

 

 

Ka- tt.uthippalli

 

Piper longum L.

Piperaceae

Dried spikes

 

 

Ka- tt.uvellari (Big)

 

Citrullus colocynthus L.

Cucurbitaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Ka- tta-di maram

 

Casurina equisetifolia L.

Casurinaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka- ttu. Ramathulasi

 

Ocimum americanum L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Ka vu-th

 

Dioscoria alata L.

Dioscoriaceae

Tubers

 

 

Ka- yal ppoov

 

Euryale ferox L.

Euryataceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka- yam

 

Ferula asafoetida L.

Apiaceae

Resin

 

 

Ka- yam (var)

 

Ferula northax L.

Apiaceae

Resin

 

 

Ka- ya-mbu

 

Mimyxylon edule L.

Melastomaceae

Flowers

 

 

Kacho-lam

 

Kaempferia galanga L

Zingiberaceae

Leaves, roots

 

 

Kacho-ram

 

Kaempferia galanga L

Zingiberaceae

Leaves, roots

 

 

Kachu-ri

 

Kaempferia galanga L

Zingiberaceae

Leaves, roots

 

 

Kadali pu-ve

 

Osbeckia triquatrum L.

Melastomaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kadali va-zha

 

Musa paradisiaca L.

Musaceae

Stem, fruits

 

 

Ka-dallari

 

Homonnia riparia Lour.

Euphorbiaceae

Roots, leaves, fruits

 

 

Kai na-ri

 

Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f.

Pandanaceae

Root, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Kaippa

 

Mormodica charantia L.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kaippan ko-va

 

Coccinia grandis L.

Cucurbitaceae

Roots, leaves, fruits.

 

 

Kaippan pado-lam

 

Trichosanthes lobata Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kaippan ve-ppu

 

Azadirachta indica  Juss.

Meliaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Kaitha

 

Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f.

Pandanaceae

Root, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Kaitha chakka

 

Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f.

Pandanaceae

Root, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Kaiyya-lapuliyan

 

Begonia malabarica Lam.

Begoniaceae

WholePlant

 

 

Ka-kana-ssini

 

Capparis sepiaria L.

Capparidaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kakari

 

Cucumis sativus L.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-kka panicha

 

Diospyros tomentosa Roxb.

Ebnaceae

Leaves

 

 

Ka-kka pu- ve

 

Torenea fourneri L

Scrophulariaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka-kkamullu

 

Pedalium murex L.

Pedaliaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-kkapalunk

 

Coix lacryma- jobi L.

Poaceae

Roots,Seeds

 

 

Ka-kkappo-la

 

Monochoria vaginalis Burnf.

Pontederiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kakkarica (var)

 

Cucumis melo L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits, seeds

 

 

Ka-kkathondi

 

Capparis sepiaria L.

Capparidaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kakkumka-ya

 

Enteda scandens L.

Mimosoideae

Seeds

 

 

Ka-koli

 

Fritillaria roylei Hook.

Liliaceae

Bulb

 

 

Kal kandam

 

Saccharum officianarum L.

Poaceae

Stem

 

 

Kal pa-sam

 

Parmelia perlata Huds.

Parmeliaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kal payil

 

Dipterocarpus alatus Gartn.

Dipterocarpaceae

 

Gum

 

 

Kal pine

 

Dipterocarpus alatus Gartn.

Dipterocarpaceae

Resin

 

 

Kal pu- ve

 

Parmelia perlata Huds.

Parmeliaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kal tha-mara

 

Nervilia aragoana Gartn.

Orchidaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kalas

 

Lannea coromandelica Vahl.

Anacardiaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Kalla-l

 

Ficus arnotiana L.

Moraceae

Bark

 

 

Kallaraya-l

 

Ficus arnotiana L.

Moraceae

Bark

 

 

Kalli

 

Euphorbia lingularia Roxb.

Euphorbiaceae

Wholeplant

 

 

Kalli chet.i

 

Euphorbia nerifolia L.

Euphorbiaceae

Latex

 

 

Kallithi (var)

 

Ficus amplissima J.E.Sm

Moraceae

Bark, Leaes

 

 

Kallithi (var)

 

Ficus banjamina L.

Moraceae

Bark, Leaes

 

 

Kallithi (var)

 

Ficus lacor Buch & Ham

Moraceae

Bark, Leaes

 

 

Kallu rukki

 

Scoparia dulsis L.

Scrophulariaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kallu ruvi

 

Ammania baccifera L.

Lythraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kallu va- zha

 

Musa superba L.

Musaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kallu-r vanchi

 

Rotula aquatica Lour.

Boraginaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kalluruki (var)

 

Pouzolzia zeylanica L.

Urticaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kallya-n.a sougathigam

 

Hedychium coronarium L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Kalpine (var)

 

Dipterocarpus tubinatus Gartn.

Dipterocarpaceae

Bark, Oleoresin

 

 

Kambili mo-ss

 

Citrus decumana L.

Rutaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kammalpo-ve

 

Tithonia diversifolia L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kammathi

 

Amischophacelus axillaris L.

Commelinaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kammatt.i

 

Jatropha curcus L.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves, seeds, oil

 

 

Kampi ppa-la

 

Euphorbia thiukalli L.

Euphorbiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kampi ppa-la

 

Euphorbia tirukalli L.

Euphorbiaceae

Latex, bark of root

 

 

Kamuk

 

Areca catechu L.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kamung

 

Areca catechu L.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kana ka-mbaram

 

Barleria prionites L.

Acanthaceae

Roots

 

 

Kana ve-rum

 

Nerium oleander L.

Apocynaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kanda ka-ra

 

Canthium parviflorum Lam.

Rubiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Kanda ka-ri chunda

 

Solanum surattense Burn f.

Solanaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kandaka- ri varzuthanga

 

Solanum surattense Burn f.

Solanaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kandalachet.i

 

Agave Americana L.

Liliaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kandan kathiri

 

Argemon mexicana L.

Papavaraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kande-ra

 

Ranunculus scleratus L.

Ranunculaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kani konna

 

Cassia fistula L.

Caesalpinaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kanja- v

 

Cannabis sativa L.

Cannabinaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kanjan kora

 

Canscora decussata Roxb.

Gentianaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kannam pott.i

 

Jatropha gossipifolia L.

Euphorbiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kanna-mthali

 

Exacum bicolour L

Gentianaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kann-i ku-rka

 

Plectranthus ambonicus Lour.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kanni ku-rka (var)

 

Plectranthus vettiveroides Lour.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kanpott.i

 

Symplocos cochinchinensis Lour.

Symplocaceae

Bark

 

 

Ka-ntha-ri mulak

 

Capsicum frutescens L.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kapila

 

Mallotus philippensis Lam.

Euphorbiaceae

Hairs of the husk.

 

 

Kappa

 

Manihot esculenta Gartn.

Euphorbiaceae

Tubers

 

 

Kappa chakka

 

Annanas comosus L.

Bromeliaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Kappal mulaku

 

Capsicum annum L.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kappa mulak

 

Capsicum frutescens L.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kappa parangi

 

Capsicum frutescens L.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kappa thumba

 

Alhagi camelorum Fisch.

Fabaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-ppuvila

 

Catheranthes pusillus D.Don

Apocynaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-ra

 

Canthium parviflorum Lam.

Rubiaceae

Roots,Leaves

 

 

Kara veerum

 

Nerium oleander L.

Apocynaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karalakam

 

Aristolochia indica L.

Aristolochiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karalayam

 

Aristolochia indica   L.

Aristolochiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kara-mbu

 

Sysygium aromaticum L.

Myrtaceae

Dried flower bud

 

 

Karanda

 

Carrisa carandas L.

Apocynaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Karandavalli

 

Aristolochia indica L.

Aristolochiaceae

Roots,Leaves

 

 

Karappu

 

Papaver somniferum L.

Papavaraceae

Petal, fruits, seeds

 

 

Karas

 

Lannea coromandelica, Vahl.

Anacardiaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Karayam

 

Lannea coromandelica Vahl.

Anacardiaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Karaya-mbu (var)

 

Ludwigia octovalvis Jacq.

Onangraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Karaya-mbu

 

Sysygium aromaticum L.

Myrtaceae

Dried flower bud

 

 

Kare- ra

 

Capparis decidua Forsk.

Capparidaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kareeram

 

Capparis decidua Forsk.

Capparidaceae

Roots, fruits0

 

 

Kari bba-yal

 

Ceratophyllum demersum L.

Ceratophyllaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kari bolam

 

Trapa natans L.

Trapaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kari cheera

 

Portulaca oleracea L.

Portulacaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kari kka-yam

 

Ferula asafoetida L.

Apiaceae

Resin

 

 

Kari maruth

 

Termanalia crenulata Roth.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

Kari mulli

 

Capparis decidua Forsk.

Capparidaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Kari mullu

 

Capparis decidua Forsk.

Capparidaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Kari va-ka

 

Albizia odoratissima L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Kari ve-lam

 

Acacia nilotica L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Kari ve-ppu

 

Murrya koenigii L.

Rutaceae

Root, bark, leaves

 

 

Karikkolla

 

Cassia absus L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Karim bbana

 

Borassus flabellifer L.

Arecaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karim je- rakam

 

Nigella sativa L.

Ranunculaceae

Seeds

 

 

Karim kat.uk

 

Brassica oleratia L.

Cruciferae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Karim kurinji

 

Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees.

Acanthaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karim ku-valam

 

Monochoria vaginalis Burnf.

Pontederiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karim n-otta

 

Samadera indica Gartn.

Simarubaceae

Bark, wood, seeds

 

 

Karim thakka-li

 

Solanum nigram L.

Solanaceae

Bark, wood, seeds

 

 

Karim thumba

 

Anisomeles malabarica L.

 

Lamiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karim thumba (var)

 

Adenosma capitata L.

 

Lamiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karimaruth

 

Terminalia crenulata Roth.

Combretacea

Bark

 

 

Karimb

 

Saccharum officianarum L.

Poaceae

Stem

 

 

Karimbo-lam (var)

 

Trapa bispinosa Roxb.

Trapaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Karimje-rakam

 

Carum curvi L.

Apiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Karimn-otta

 

Samadera indica Gartn.

Simarubaceae

Bark, wood, seeds

 

 

Karimuringa

 

Moringa pteryge L

Moringaceae

Bark

 

 

Karimuthanga

 

Cyperus rotundus L

Cyperiaceae

Tuberous Roots

 

 

Karinga-li

 

Acacia catechu L.

Mimosoideae

Heart wood, bark

 

 

Karive-ppilakkurigi

 

Cosmostigma racemosa L.

Asclepiadaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kariyalanji

 

Smilax zeylanica L.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Karkat.aka srunki

 

Pistacia chinensis Richt.

Anacardiaceae

Leaf galls

 

 

Karkata sranki

 

Acacia nilotica L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Karmathi

 

Carica papaya L

Caricaceae

Fruits, latex

 

 

Karmu-s

 

Carica papaya L

Caricaceae

Fruits, latex

 

 

Karni ka- ram

 

Pterospermum acerifolium L.

Sterculiaceae

Flrs.

 

 

Karpo-rachet. i

 

Artemisia nilagirica L.

Compositae

Flowers

 

 

Karpu-ra

 

Dryobalanops camphora L.

Dipterocarpaceae

Wood

 

 

Karpu-ra thulasi

 

Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Karpu-ra cyprus

 

Juniperus communis L.

Coniferae

Cones,Resin

 

 

Karpu-ram

 

Cinnamomum camphora L.

Lauraceae

Bark

 

 

Karpu-ramaram

 

Cinnamomum camphora L.

Lauraceae

Wood

 

 

Ka-rthotti

 

Hugonia mystax L.

Linaceae

Roots

 

 

Karu no’chi

 

Vitex negundo L.

Verbenaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karu va-ka

 

Albizia odoratissima L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Karu ve-lam

 

Acacia nilotica L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Karu ve-ppu

 

Murrya koenigii L.

Rutaceae

Root, stem, leaves

 

 

Karuka

 

Cynodon dactylon L.

Poaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karuka ppullu

 

Cynodon dactylon L.

Poaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karuppa kkodi

 

Naravelia zeylanica L.

Ranunculaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karutha amalpori

 

Rauwolfia tetraphylla L.

Apocynaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Karutha a-mbal

 

Monochoria vaginalis Burnf.

Pontederiaceae

Root stock

 

 

Karutha ka-ttutulassi

 

Ocimum gratissimum L.

Lamiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Karutha kudakappa-la

 

Wrightia tomentosa Roem.

Apocynaceae

Bark

 

 

Karutha manikanjakam

 

Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn.

Lamiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karutha thrikolpa konna

Marsdenia tenacissima W & A.

Asclepiadaceae

Stem

 

 

Karutha thritha-v

 

Ocimum tenuifolium L.

Lamiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Karuthacheruthulassi

 

Ocimum americanum L.

Lamiaeae

Whole Plant

Bark, Leaes

 

 

Karuthummam

 

Datura metel L

Solanaceae

Leaves

 

 

Karuva

 

Cinnamomum verum Presl.

Lauraceae

Bark, oil

 

 

Kasa kasa

 

Papaver somniferum L.

Papavaraceae

Petal, fruits, seeds

 

 

Kase- ruka

 

Cyprus grossus L.

Cyperaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Kashmir pe-zh

 

Onosma bracteatum Wall.

Boraginaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-si thumba

 

Impatiens balsamina L.

Balsaminae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kassabu-l

 

Onosma bracteatum Wall.

Boraginaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kasthu-ri manjaal

 

Curcuma aromatica Salis.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Kasthu-ri venda

 

Abelmoschus moschatus L.

Malvaceae

Fruit

 

 

Kasu ma-v

 

Anacardium occidentale L.

Anacardiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Kat.a chakka

 

Artocarpus communis Forst.

Moraceae

Latex, Leaves

 

 

Kat.a ppila-v

 

Artocarpus communis Forst.

Moraceae

Latex

 

 

Kat.al thenga

 

Lodoicea maldivica   Poir.

Araceae

Husk, endosperm

 

 

Kat.ala

 

Cicer arietinum L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Kat.ala- vanak

 

Jatropha curcus L.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves, seeds, oil

 

 

Kat.alasupu-ve

 

Bougainvillea spectabilis L.

Nyctaginaceae

Roots

 

 

Kat.ala-t.i

 

Achyranthus aspera L .

Amaranthaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kat.ampu

 

Anthocephalus cadamba L.

Rubiaceae

Bark, leaves, fruit

 

 

Kat.asam

 

Millingtonia hortensis L.

Bignoniaceae

Bark

 

 

Ka-t.t.a tthi

 

Ficus arnotiana L.

Moraceae

Bark

 

 

Kat.u rohini

 

Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora L.

Scrophulariaceae

Dried rhizomes

 

 

Kat.uk

 

Brassica juncea L.

Cruciferae

Seeds

 

 

Kat.ukka

 

Terminalia chebula Retz.

Combretaceae

Seeds

 

 

Kat.uku rhohin.i

 

Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora L.

Scrophulariaceae

Dried rhizomes

 

 

Kat.urohini

 

Pichrorhiza kurrou Royle.

Scrophulariaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kat.bhalam

 

Myristica nagi Thumb.

Myristicaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kathiri

 

Cucumis sativus L.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-tt. -van.ak

 

Jatropha curcus L.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves, seeds, oil

 

 

Ka-tt.inji

 

Zingiber zeramber L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Ka-tt.u karaya-mbu

 

Ludwigia octovalvis Jacq.

Onangraceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka-tta mari

 

Tephrosia purpurea L.

Papilionaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka-tta ppa

 

Ageratum conyzoides L.

Asteraceae

Leaves

 

 

Katta-r va-zha

 

Aloe barbadensis Mill.

Liliaceae

Leaves

 

 

Ka-ttaya mo- dakam

 

Chenopodium ambrosiodes L.

Chenopodiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka-ttu ka-chil (var)

 

Dioscoria sativa L.

Dioscoriaceae

Bulb

 

 

Ka-ttu kavung

 

Pinanga dicksonii L.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka-ttu kodi

 

Cocculus hirsutus L.

Menispermaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ka-ttu nellu

 

Oryza malapuzhensis L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Ka-ttu rhohini

 

Helleborus niger L.

Ranunculaceae

Roots

 

 

Ka-ttucheera

 

Amaranthus viridis L.

Amaranthaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-ttuche-mb

 

Colocasia esculenta L.

Araceae

Corm

 

 

Ka-ttuche-na

 

Amorphophallus sylvastricus L.

Araceae

Corms

 

 

Ka-ttuche-na

 

Arisaema tortuosum L.

Araceae

Corm

 

 

Ka-ttuka-chil

 

Dioscorea bulbifera L.

Dioscoriaceae

Fruits, Roots

 

 

Ka-ttukadali

 

Osbeckia aspera Blume

Melastomaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-ttukadukka

 

Terminalia travancorensis W&A

Combretaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka-ttuka-ppi

 

Diplospora sphaerocarpa Hook.

Rubiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka-ttuku-va

 

Curcuma angustifolia Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Ka-ttulanda

 

Zizyphus rugosa L.

Rhamnaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka-ttu mulak (var)

 

Piper retrofactum Vahl.

Piperaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ka-ttumuringa

 

Moringa pteryge L

Moringaceae

Bark

 

 

Ka-ttu muthira

 

Atylosia scarabaleoides L.

Papilionaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-ttu niru-ri

 

Brynia rhamnoides Muell.

Euphorbiaceae

Bark,Leaves

 

 

Ka-ttupayar (var)

 

Phaseolus trilobus L.

Papilionaceae

WholePlant

 

 

Ka-ttupi- chil (var)

 

Luffa aegyptica Mill.

Cucurbitaceae

WholePlant

 

 

Ka-ttupi- chil (var)

 

Luffa leucantha Buch.

Cucurbitaceae

WholePlant

 

 

Ka-ttu pokala

 

Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth.

Lobeliaceae

Seeds, Leaves

 

 

Ka-ttu pu-chet.i

Lantana camara var. aculeate L.

Verbenaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ka-ttu thritha- v

 

Ocimum gratissimum L.

Lamiaceae

WholePlant

 

 

Ka-ttu thritha-ve (var)

 

Orthosiphon thymiflorus L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Ka-ttu thumbi

 

Lagenaria leucantha Duch.

Cucurbitaceae

WholePlant

 

 

Ka-ttuzhunnu

 

Atylosia goensis L.

Papilionaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kavungu

 

Areca catechu L.

Arecaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ka-ya-v

 

Linum usitassimum L.

Linaceae

Flrs, seeds

 

 

Kayyo-nni

 

Eclipta prostrata L.

Astraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kayyula

 

Helicteres isora L.

Sterculiaceae

Fruits,Roots

 

 

Kayyunni

 

Eclipta prostrata L.

Astraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Kazhanji

 

Caesalpinia bonduc L.

Caesalpinaceae

Wholeplant

 

 

Kazhi muthanga

 

Cyperus esculentus L.

Cyperaceae

Tubers

 

 

Ke-saram

 

Crocus sativus L.

Iridaceae

Dried stigma

 

 

Khaju-ra

 

Phoenix sylvestris L.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

Khara pushpa

 

Ocimum pilosum Benth.

Lamiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ki- zha- nelli

 

Phyllantus amarus Schum.

Euphorbiaceae

W.Plant

 

 

Ki- zha-r nelli

 

Phyllantus amarus Schum.

Euphorbiaceae

W.Plant

 

 

Kili thi-ni ppanji

 

Celastrus paniculatus Willd.

Celastraceae

Seeds, oil

 

 

Kilu kiluppa (var)

 

Crotalaria retusa L.

Papilionaceae

W.Plant

 

 

Kilu kiluppa

 

Crotalaria pallida L.

Papilionaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kiriya-th

 

Andrographis paniculata Vahl.

Acanthaceae

W.Plant

 

 

Kirutha- nelli

 

Phyllantus amarus Schum.

Euphorbiaceae

W.Plant

 

 

Kizhuka- nelli

 

Phyllantus amarus Schum.

Euphorbiaceae

W.Plant

 

 

Kizhuka-m thumba

 

Trichodesma indica L.

Boraginaceae

W.Plant

 

 

Kla-v

 

Carissa carandas L.

Apocynaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Ko- la shimbi Chandipayar

Canavelia gladiata Jacq.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ko- va

 

Coccinia grandis L.

Cucurbitaceae

Roots, leaves, fruit

 

 

Ko- val

 

Coccinia grandis L.

Cucurbitaceae

Roots, leaves, fruit

 

 

Ko- zhi chi- ra

 

Celosia cristata   L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kochi ku- va

 

Maranda arundinaceae L.

Marandaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Kodasa- ri

 

Cassia hirsuta L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Seeds

 

 

Kokkam

 

Garcinia indica L.

Clusiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kokku mantha-ram

 

Bauhinia racemosa Lam.

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

Koko (Cocao)

 

Teobroma cacao L.

Sterculiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ko-l puli

 

Tamarindus indicus L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Ko-la

 

Cola acuminata B.Schott.

Sterculiaceae

Cell sap, Bark

 

 

Ko-la shimbi

 

Canavelia gladiata Jacq.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ko-la varavalli

 

Merremia umbellate L.

Convolvulaceae

Leaves, Seeds

 

 

Kolla ka-ya

 

Anamirta coculus L.

Menispermaceae

Stem, fruits

 

 

Kolli kizhag

 

Manihot esculenta Gartn.

Euphorbiaceae

Tubers

 

 

Kong

 

Bauhinia variegata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Fruit, bark

 

 

Kongini

 

Lanthana camara var. aculeate L.

Verbenaceae

WholePlant

 

 

Kongu mantha-ram

 

Bauhinia variegata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Fruit, bark

 

 

Konna

 

Cassia fistula L.

Caesalpiniaceae

W.plant

 

 

Koppa- la

 

Palaquinum ellipticum Engler.

Sapotaceae

Guttapercha

 

 

Ko-ra

 

Eleusine coracana L.

Poaceae

Grain

 

 

Korandi

 

Salacia reticulata Wight.

Salvadoraceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Koratta

 

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Hassk.

Myrtaceae

Fruits

 

 

Korukka ppuli

 

Pithecellobium dulce Roxb.

Mimosoideae

WholePlant

 

 

Kot.a ppuli

 

Garcinia gummi-gutta L.

Clusiacaeae

Fruits

 

 

Kot.akka ppuli

 

Garcinia gummi-gutta L.

Clusiacaeae

Fruits

 

 

Kot.i kozhijil

 

Tephrosia purpurea L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kot.i nn-ali

 

Piper betele L.

Piperaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kot.i thuvva

 

Tragia involucrata L.

Euphorbiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Kot.u thuvva

 

Tragia involucrata L.

Euphorbiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Kot.u ve-li

 

Plumbago indica L.

Plumbaginaceae

Roots

 

 

Kotha malli

 

Coriandrum sativum L.

Apiaceae

Fruits, leaves

 

 

Kotha mara

 

Cyanopsis tetragonoloba L.

Papilionaceae

Pods

 

 

Kotha vara

 

Cyamopsis psoralioides DC.

Papilionaceae

Fruits, Seeds.

 

 

Kotha vara (var)

 

Cyanopsis tetragonoloba L.

Papilionaceae

Pods

 

 

Kothambba-la

 

Coriandrum sativum L.

Apiaceae

Fruits, leaves

 

 

Kothambba-lari

 

Coriandrum sativum L.

Apiaceae

Fruits, leaves

 

 

Ko-thamp

 

Triticum aestivum L.

Poaceae

Grain

 

 

Kott.a ppayar

 

Vigna unguiculata L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Kott.am

 

Saussurea lappa C.B.Clark.

Astraceae

Roots

 

 

Kotta- ssa- ri

 

Apama siliqusa Lamk.

Aristolochiaceae

Roots,Leaves

 

 

Kottamullu

 

Zizyphus xylophyrus Retz.

Rhamnaceae

Fruits, Bark.

 

 

Ko-vibha- ram

 

Bauhinia purpurea L

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark,Seeds

 

 

Ko-vibha ram (var)

 

Bauhinia racemosa Lam.

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark,Seeds

 

 

Ko-vibha ram (var)

 

Bauhinia variegata L

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark,Seeds

 

 

Koyya

 

Psidium gaujava L.

Myrtaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Kozhijil

 

Tephrosia purpurea L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ko-zhi mu-nja (var)

 

Clerodendron multiflorum L.

Verbenaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kozhuppa

 

Portulaca oleracea L.

Portulacaceae

Stem, leaves

 

 

Kozhuppa (var)

 

Onosma bracteatum Wall.

Boraginaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kozhuppa chi-ra

 

Portulaca oleracea L.

Portulacaceae

Stem, leaves

 

 

Kozhuppa kki- ra

 

Portulaca oleracea L.

Portulacaceae

Stem, leaves

 

 

Kozhuva

 

Tephrosia purpurea L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kra-li

 

Dodonaea viscosa L.

Anacardiaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Krimi sathru

 

Vernonia anthelmintica Willd.

Astraceae

Fruits

 

 

Krishna bi-jam

 

Ipoemea nil L.

Convolvulaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Krishna kra-nthi

 

Evolvulus alsinoides L.

Convolvulaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Krishna sariba

 

Cryptolepis buchanani L.

Asclepiadaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Krishna thulassi

 

Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Krishnabhi-ja

 

Ipomoea hedracea Jacq.

Convolvulaceae

WholePlant

 

 

Krishnakiri-dam

 

Clerodendron inerme Gaertn

Verbenaeae

Roots

 

 

 

Kshe-ra ka-koli

Fritillaria roylei Hook.

Liliaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kshe-ra vidwa- ri

 

Ipomoea palmata L.

Convolvulaceae

Tubers

 

 

Kshe-thra kadali

 

Musa paradisiaca L.

Musaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kshethra parpat.i

 

Fumaria parviflora Lam.

Fumariaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Kshi-ra ka- ko-li

 

Lillium polyphyllum D.Don

Liliaceae

Bulb

 

 

Kshudra pathra

 

Orthosiphon pallidus L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kshudra pathram

 

Orthosiphon pallidus L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kshudra pathram

 

Orthosiphon pallidus L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Ku- la kam

 

Aegle marmelos L.

Rutaceae

Root, leaves

 

 

Ku- mulle

 

Caealpinia mimosoides Lamk.

Caesalpiniacee

WholePlant

 

 

Ku- mullu

 

Wagatia spicata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ku- n

 

Agaricus compestris L.

Agaricaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ku- ra madak

 

Mallotus philippensis Lam.

Euphorbiaceae

Husk of fruits

 

 

Ku- rka

 

Coleus parviflora L.

Lamiaceae

Tubers

 

 

Ku- valam

 

Aegle marmelos L.

Rutaceae

Root, leaves

 

 

Ku- vva

 

Maranta aruntinacea L.

Marantaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Kudagappa-la

 

Holarrhena pubescens L.

Apocynaceae

Bark,Seeds

 

 

Kuina

 

Cinchona officianalis L.

Rubiaceae

Bark

 

 

Kuina

 

Cinchona officianalis L.

Rubiaceae

Bark

 

 

Kukkuram

 

Blumea lacera DC.

Astraceae

W.Plant

 

 

Kukura vrusham

 

Blumea lacera DC.

Astraceae

W.Plant

 

 

Kulakko-zhi thandu

 

Costus speciosus L.

Zingiberaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kulava-zha

 

Eichhornia crassipes Mart.

Pontederiaceae

Flowers

 

 

Kulir che-mbu

 

Toona ciliata Roem.

Meliaceae

Bark, flrs.

 

 

Kumayu-n O-kke

Quercus incana Roxb.

Cupuligerae

Periderm

 

 

 

Kumbalam (var)

 

Benincasa cerifera L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kumbalam (var)

 

Benincasa hispida   L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kumbekala

 

Sisygium irio L.

Myrtaceae

Bark, Seeds

 

 

Kumble

 

Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Verbenaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kumil

 

Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Verbenaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kumkuma kalli

 

Plumeria rubra Burm f.

Apocynaceae

Bark, leaves, latex

 

 

Kumkuma pu -v

 

Crocus sativus L.

Iridaceae

Dried stigma

 

 

Kumkumam

 

Crocus sativus L.

Iridaceae

Dried stigma

 

 

Ku-nanppa-la

 

Tabernaemontana dichotoma Roxb.

Apocynaceae

Roots, Bark

 

 

Kundu rukam

 

Boswellia serata Roch.

Burseraceae

Bark, gum

 

 

Kunni

 

Abrus precatorius L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kunni va-ka

 

Albizia odoratissima L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Kuppa mani

 

Acalypha indica L.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kuppa manjal

 

Bixa orellana L.

Bixaceae

Root, bark, seeds

 

 

Kuppa me-ni

 

Acalypha indica L.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kura ssani

 

Hyoscyamus niger L.

Solanaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Kuramaruth

 

Terminalia crenulata Roth.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

Kuramulle

 

Caealpinia mimosoides Lamk.

Caesalpiniacee

WholePlant

 

 

Kurangu manjal

 

Bixa orellana L.

Bixaceae

Roots, bark

 

 

Kuri-chulli

 

Cosmostigma racemosa L.

Asclepiadaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kuri-l

 

Connarus monocarpus L.

Connaraceae

Fruits

 

 

Kuriji

 

Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees.

Acanthaceae

Roots, leaves, bark

 

 

Kuri-l (var)

 

Uvaria narum Wall.

Annonaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Kuru mulak

 

Piper nigram L.

Piperaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kuru pparuthi

 

Gossipium herbaceum L.

Malvaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kurukuthi mulla

 

Jasminum multiflorum   Burm f.

Oleaceae

Leaves, flrs.

 

 

Kurum thott.i

 

Sida rhombifolia L.

Malvaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kurutt.u pa-val

 

Mormodica dioica L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kuruvi kkizhag

 

Melothria heterophylla L.

Cucurbitaceae

Leaves

 

 

Kuruvikkizhag

 

Saccharum spontaneum L.

Poaceae

Stem

 

 

Kuruvilla kkat.uka

 

Terminania chebula Retz.

Combretaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kusa

 

Saccharum spontaneum L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

Kusa ve-ru

 

Saccharum spontaneum L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

Kut.a mulla

 

Jasminum sambac L.

Oleaceae

Roots, flrs.

 

 

Kut.a ppuli

 

Garcinia gummi-gutta L.

Clusiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Kut.agal

 

Centella asiatica L.

Apiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kut.aja zhuk

 

Leea indica Burmf.

Leeaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Kut.aka ppa-la

 

Holarrhena pubescens L.

Apocynaceae

Bark, seeds, leaves

 

 

Kut.aka ppa-layari

 

Holarrhena pubescens L.

Apocynaceae

Seeds

 

 

Kut.akan

 

Centella asiatica L.

Apiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kut.al churukki

 

Spermacoce hispida L.

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kut.appana

 

Corypha umbraculifera L.

Arecaceae

Buds

 

 

Kutt.a Nambia- r vattam

 

Tabernamontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br.

Apocynaceae

Root, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Kutt.i ppanal

 

Glycosmis arborea DC.

Rutaceae

W.plant

 

 

Kuttippa-nal

 

Glycosmis pentaphylla L.

Rutaceae

Leaves, Bark

 

 

Kuttiyavanak

 

Croton sparciflorus L.

Euphorbiaceae

Cell sap

 

 

Kuyamb

 

Carthamus tinctoria L.

Astraceae

W.plant

 

 

Kuyimb

 

Carthamus tinctoria L.

Astraceae

W.plant

 

 

Kuzhinakha ppala

 

Ervatamia coronaria L.

Apocynaceae

Latex

 

 

Lantha (var)

 

Ziziphus sativa Gartn.

Rhamnaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Lichi

Lichi chinensis L.

Sapindaceae

W.plant

 

 

Lichi (var)

 

Litsea chinensis Lamk.

Lauraceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ma- msa rho-hini

 

Somimida febrifuga A.Juss.

Meliaceae

Whole plant

 

 

 

Ma- n jiyam

Acacia mangium L.

Mimosoideae

Wood

 

 

Mada girive-mb

 

Toona ciliata Roxb.

Meliaceae

Bark, flrs.

 

 

Madanapo-ve

 

Catunaregum spinosa L.

Rubiaceae

Thorns,Roots,Flowers

 

 

 

Madhavi

Hiptage bengalensis L.

Malpigiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Madhu- kka

 

Madhuca longifolia Koenia.

Sapotaceae

Bark, Fruits

 

 

Madhu na-sini

 

Gymnema sylvestre R.B.

Asclepiadaceae

W.plant.

 

 

Madhura cho-lam

 

Acer sachara L.

Chenopodiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Madhura kkizhag

 

Ipomoea batatas L.

Convolvulaceae

Tubers

 

 

Madhura na-ranga

 

Citrus reticulata L.

Rutaceae

Fruits

 

 

Madhurachi-ra

 

Sauropus androguinus L.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Magga maram

 

Schrebera swietenioides Roxb.

Oleaceae

Root, bark, leaves

 

 

 

Maha- me-da

Polygonatum verticillatum L.

Liliaceae

Root stock

 

 

 

Mahishaksha gulgulu

Commiohora mukul Hook.

Burseraceae

Resin

 

 

 

Mai la-nchi

Lawsonia inermis L.

Lythraceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Majjana

Mallotus philippensis Lam.

Euphorbiaceae

Husk of fruits

 

 

 

Makka cho-lam

Zea mays L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Makki ppu-v

 

Artemisia nilagirica L.

Asteraceae

Leaves

 

 

Makkippu-ve (var)

 

Artemisia fragrance L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Makkippu-ve (var)

 

Artemisia martima L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Makkippu-ve (var)

 

Artemisia strenyvaleia L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Makkippu-ve (var)

 

Artemisia vulgaris L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Mala incha

 

Acacia pennata Willd.

Mimosoideae

Fibrous bark

 

 

Mala maravatt.i

 

Hydnocarpus alpina L.

Flacourtiaceae

Seed Oil

 

 

Mala thangi

 

Cissampelos pariera L.

Menispermaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mala ve-ppu

Melia azadirachta L.

Meliaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mala yuka maram

Juglans regia L.

Juglandaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Malam bla-s

Schrebera swietenioides Roxb.

Oleaceae

Roots bark.

 

 

 

Malam ka-ra

Catunaregum spinosa L.

Rutaceae

Bark, fruit

 

 

Malam kat.ala

 

Pisum sativum L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Malam kat.amp

 

Haldinia cordifolia Roxb.

Rubiaceae

Roots, bark

 

 

 

Malam ppunna

Calophyllum inophyllum L.

Clusiaceae

Bark

 

 

 

Malambba vatta

Caseoria tomentosa L.

Flacourtiaceae

Roots

 

 

Malampayatta

 

Casearia esculenta Roxb.

Flacourtiaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Malamva-la parathi

 

Aclisia secundiflora Bl.

Commelinaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Malankka-ra

 

Randia dumeforum Lam.

Rubiaceae

Bark

 

 

Malar

 

Oryza sativa L.

Poaceae

Fried grains

 

 

Mala ukamaram

 

Juglans regia L.

Juglandaceae

Fruits, seeds

 

 

 

Malave-nga

Melia azadirachta L.

Meliaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Malayakathi

Bauhinia variegata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Roots & Bark.

 

 

 

Mala yakrutt.

Aleurites molucana L.

Juglandaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Malaya mothi

Pavetta indica L.

Rubiaceae

Seeds

 

 

 

Malaya mukki

Clitoria ternatea L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Malayikam chamba

Syzygium jambos L.

Myrtaceae

Bark, fruits

 

 

 

Malayinji

Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

 

Malli

Coriandrum sativum L.

Apiaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

 

Ma-m bbuli

Spondias pinnata L.

Anacardiaceae

Bark, seeds

 

 

Mame-ra

 

Talictrum foliolosum DC.

Ranunculaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Man ja-ti

Adenanthera pavonia L.

Mimosoideae

W.plant

 

 

Man jatt.i

 

Rubia cordifolia L.          

Rubiaceae

Roots

 

 

Man tha-ram

 

Bauhinia variegata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves

 

 

Manali

 

Indigofera aspalathoides L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Ma-nga na-ri

Limnophylla aromatica L.

Scrophulariaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Ma-nga yinji

Curcuma amada Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Mangutt.a ppayar

 

Phaseolus aconitifolius L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

 

Mani kanjakam

Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Mani maruth

 

Lagerstomia flos-reginae L.

Lythraceae

Bark.

 

 

 

Mani perandi

Leea indica Burm f.

Leeaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Manichi-ra

 

Amaranthus viridis L.

Amaanthaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Manikku-va

 

Curcuma oligantha L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Manila ka-ra

 

Mimosops kauki L.

Sapotaceae

Seeds

 

 

Manja kanaka- -baram

 

Barleria pri-onites L.

Acanthaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Manja kanjunni

Wedelia chinensis Merril.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Manja kkadamp

Haldina cordifolia Roxb.

Rubiaceae

Bark, flrs.

 

 

Manja kkayyo-nni

 

Wedelia chinensis Merril.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

Manja kkurimozhi

 

Jasminum humile L.

Oleaceae

Leaves, flrs.

 

 

 

Manja kku-va

Curcuma angustifolia Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

 

Manja mantha-ram

Bauhinia variegata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Roots bark.

 

 

 

Manja mullangi

Daucus carota L.

Apiaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

 

Manja ppa-vitta

Morinda pubescens J.E.Smith

Rubiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Manja thakka-li

Solanum nigram L.

Solanaceae

W.plant

 

 

Manja kkadambu

 

Adina cordifolia Hook.

Rubiaceae

Rubiaceae

 

 

Manja kka-nda

 

Dracaena ternifolia L.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Manja ko-lambi

 

Allaanda cathartica L.

Apocynaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Manjal

Curcuma longa L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Manjamula

 

Bamboosa vulgaris L.

Poaceae

Seeds, Roots

 

 

 

Manji

Nardostachys grandiflora DC.

Valerianaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Mano- ranjini

 

Artabotrys hexapetalus R.Br

Anonaceae

Leaves

 

 

Mantha- ram (var)

 

Bauhinia variegata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Mantha-ram (var)

 

Bauhinia purpurea L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Mara che-ni

 

Manihot esculenta Gartn.

Euphorbiaceae

Tubers

 

 

Mara kkozhunnu

 

Majorana hortensis Moch.

Lamiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Mara manjal

 

Coscinium fenestratum Gartn.

Menispermaceae

Stem

 

 

Mara ppuli

 

Garcinia gummi-gutta L.

Clusiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Mara vatti

 

Hydnocarpus laurifolia L.

Flacourtiaceae

Seeds, oil

 

 

Mara va-zha

 

Vanda roxburghii L.

Orchidaceae

W.plant

 

 

Maral

 

Sansevieria roxburghiana. Schult.

Liliaceae

Leaves

 

 

Mara manjal

 

Berberis aristata L.

Berbedaraceae

Bark

 

 

 

Ma-ra-n che-mbu

Alocasia indica L.

Araceae

Rhizome

 

 

Maro-tt.i

 

Hydnocarpus laurifolia L.

Flacourtiaceae

Seeds, oil

 

 

 

Maru kkunni

Argyreia nervosa   Burn f.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Maru kut.ari

Argyreia nervosa   Burn f.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Maru thut.ari

Argyreia nervosa   Burn f.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

Maruth

 

Lagerstomia speciosa L.

Lythraceae

Bark.

 

 

Maruva

 

Marsdenia tenacissima W & A.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Ma-si pathri

Artimisia nilagirica   L.

Asteraceae

Leaves

 

 

 

Ma-sikka

Quercus infectoria L.

Fagaceae

Galls

 

 

Mat.a thakka-li

 

Solanum nigram L.

Solanaceae

Roots, Fruits

 

 

 

Ma-thala na-rakam

Punica granatum L.

Punicaceae

Fruits, bark

 

 

 

Ma-thala na-ranga

Punica granatum L.

Punicaceae

Fruits, bark

 

 

 

Ma-thalam

Punica granatum L.

Punicaceae

Fruits, bark

 

 

Matthan

 

Cucurbita maxima Lam.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits, seeds

 

 

Mathil ppanna

 

Drynaria quercifolia L.

Polypodiaceae

Rhizome

 

 

 

Mathru kha-thini

Crotalaria retusa L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Matt.i

Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.

Simarubaceae

Bark.

 

 

 

Ma-v

Mangifera indica L.    

Anacardiaceae

Bark, seeds

 

 

Ma-veithil

 

Helicanthes elastica L.

Loranthaceae

Leaves

 

 

Ma-ya kkam

 

Hibiscus cannabinus L.

Malvaceae

Flowers

 

 

 

Ma-yak

Quercus infectoria L.

Fagaceae

Galls

 

 

 

Mayi llellu

Vitex ultissima L

Verbenaceae

Bark

 

 

Mayila-dum shikha

 

Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd.

Polypodiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Mayilo- shika

 

Celosia argentea L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Mayilo-shika (var)

 

Celosia argentia L.

Amaranthaceae

Seeds

 

 

Mayu-ra shika

 

Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd.

Polypodiaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mazha maram

Entrolobium saman L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

 

Mazhu ka-ngiram

Anogeissus latifolia Wall.

Combretaceae

Bark, wood

 

 

Mazu-ri pparippu

 

Ervum lens L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

 

Me-dha

Polygonatum verticillatum L.

Liliaceae

Root stocks

 

 

 

Me-khala ppullu

Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.

Poaceae

Roots, stems

 

 

 

Me-mthonni

Gloriosa superba L.

Liliaceae

Rhizome

 

 

 

Me-n dho-nni

Gloriosa superba L.

Liliaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Mi-ra

 

Commiphora myrrha L.

Burseraceae

Resin

 

 

Mi-ra (var)

 

Balsamodendron myrrha L

Burseraceae

Resin

 

 

 

Mi- nanga-ni

Alternanthera sessilis L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mi-nanga-ni vishe- sham

Alternanthera sessilis L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Mo-dakam

 

Fagrea ceilanica Thumb.

Loganiaceae

Leaves, Roots.

 

 

Momgo sti- n

 

Garcinia mangostiana L.

Clusiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Mo-thirakanni

 

Huginia mystax L.

Linaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Mott.a kruse

Brassica oleraceae L.

Cruciferae

Leaves

 

 

 

Muchu kundam

Pterospermum canescens Roxb.

Sterculiaceae

Heart wood

 

 

Mu-dillatha-li

 

Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.

Convolvulaceae

Whole plant

 

 

 

Mukka- pi-ram

Mukia madraspatana L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mukka-l pi-ram

Mukia madraspatana L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mukkannan pere-a

Allophyllus seratus Roxb.

Sapindaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mukkannan peruk

Allophyllus seratus Roxb.

Sapindaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mukkannan pe-zhu

Allophyllus seratus Roxb.

Sapindaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mukka-ppiri

Mukia madraspatana L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mukku-tt. i

Biophytum sensitivum L.

Oxallidaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mul kiri-tam

Euphorbia splendens L.

Euphorbiaceae

W. Plant

 

 

 

Mul muruk

Erythrina variegata J.E.Smith.

Papilionaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Mul ppulanji

Fluggia leucopyrus L.

Euphorbiaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Mula

 

Bambusa arundinacea Retz.

Poaceae

W.plant

 

 

Mula (var)

 

Ochlandra Rheedii Gamb.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Mula karpu- ram

Bambusa arundinacea Retz.

Poaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mula kkallu

Bambusa arundinacea Retz.

Poaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mulak

Capsicum annum L.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Mulaku thakka-li

Solanum nigram L.

Solanaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mulaku tha-li

Toddalia asiatica L.

Rutaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mulaku tha-nni

Toddalia asiatica L.

Rutaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mulam kku-mbu

Bambusa arundinacea Retz.

Poaceae

Buds

 

 

Mulamplash

 

Ficus cordifoli L.

Moraceae

Bark

 

 

 

Mulappu mararuth

Shorea robusta Gartn.

Dipterocarpaceae

Bark

 

 

 

Mulayari

 

Bambusa arundinacea Retz.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

 

Mulberry

Morus alba L.

Moraceae

Roots, leaves, fruits

 

 

 

Mu-le-ri

Smilax china L.

Liliaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Mulkkizhag

 

Dioscoria sativa L.

Dioscoriaceae

Bulb

 

 

Mulla

 

Jasminum sambac L.

Oleaceae

Roots

 

 

Mulla katthi

 

Sebania bispinosa Jacq.

Papilionaceae

Seeds, bark

 

 

Mullan vellari

 

Cucumis sativus L.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole plant

 

 

 

Mullangi

Rhaphanus sativus L.

Brassicaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Mullanppazham

 

Ziziphus oenoplea L

Rhamnaceae

Roots, Fruits

 

 

 

Mullen chi-ra

Amaranthus spinosus L.

Amaranthaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Mullilam

 

Xanthoxyllum retza DC.

Rutaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Mullilav

Bombax ceiba L.

Bombacaceae

W. Plant

 

 

 

Mullulla katta

Flacourtia indica L.

Flacourtiaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Mundakam

 

Jambosa mundagam Gamble.

Myrtaceae

Bark

 

 

 

Mundiri

Vitis venifera L.

Vitaceae

W.plant, fruits

 

 

 

Mu-nga- pezhu

Buchanania lanzan Spreng.

Anacardiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Munja

Premna corymbosa Rottl.

Verbenaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Munja ppullu

Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.

Poaceae

Roots, stem

 

 

 

Mupparan ppullu

Typha angustata L.

Typhaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Mural

Buchanania lanzan Spreng.

Anacardiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Mu-ral maram

 

Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl.

Verbenaceae

Bark

 

 

Muri ku-tti

 

Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb.

Crassulaceae

W. Plant

 

 

 

Muri pparuthi

Gossipium arboreum L.

Malvaceae

Leaves

 

 

Murikko-tti

 

Zornia gibbosa L.

Papilionaceae

Root

 

 

Muriko-tti (var)

 

Zornia diphylla L.

Papilionaceae

Root

 

 

 

Muringa

Moringa oleifera Lam.

Moringaceae

Root, bark, leaves

 

 

 

Muriyan pacha

Ageratum conyzoides L.

Asteraceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Muruk

Erythrina variegata J.E.Smith.

Papilionaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Murva

 

Clematis gouriana Roch.

Ranunculaceae

W. Plant

 

 

 

Musa-nda

Musaenda frondosa L.

Rubiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Mushkaka vrusham

 

Schrebera swieteniodes Roxb.

Oleaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

Musli

 

Asparagus adscedens Roxb.

Liliaceae

Root tubers

 

 

 

Musli(var)

Chlorophytum tuberosum L.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Mut.iye- ndra ppacha

 

Synedrella nodiflora L.

Asteraceae

Leaves

 

 

Muthakk

 

Modecca palmata Lam.          

Passifloraceae

Roots

 

 

 

Muthala kkizhagu

Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.

Convolvulaceae

Tuberous roots

 

 

Muthalaka-nda

 

Adenia palmata L.

Passifloraceae

Roots

 

 

 

Mutthanga

Cyperus rotundus L.

Cyperaceae

Tubers

 

 

 

Mutthil

Centella asiatica L.

Apiaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Muthira

Macrotyloma uniflorum L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

 

Muthuk

Pueraria tuberosa DC.

Papilionaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Mutta ppazham

Laccuma nervosa L.

Sapotaceae

Fruits

 

 

Muttatu-ri

 

Baccaurea courtallensis M.Arg.

Euphorbiaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Muttha-ri

Eleusine coracana L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

 

Mu-vila

Pseudarthria viscida L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Muyal chevi

Emilia sonchifolia L.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

N -aeng

 

Leea indica Burm.f.

 

Leeaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

N -ama

 

Anogeissus latifolia Wall.

Combretaceae

Bark, wood

 

 

N- ankku

Leea indica Burm.f.

 

Leeaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

N- azhak

Leea indica Burm.f.

 

Leeaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Nongana ppullu

 

Hedyotis herbacea L.

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Na- kha mallika

 

Acacia sinuata Lour.

Mimosoideae

Pods

 

 

Na- nge (var)

 

Mesua nagassarium Burn f.

Clusiaceae

Flowers, oil

 

 

Na-ga chambakam

 

Mesua nagassarium Burn f.

Clusiaceae

Flowers, oil

 

 

Na-ga dandi

 

Baliospermum montanum Willd.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Na-ga ke-saram

 

Mesua ferrea L.

Clusiaceae

Flowers, oil

 

 

Na-ga mallika

 

Jasminum arborescens L.

Oleaceae

Leaves

 

 

Na-ga mulla

 

Rhinacanthus nasuta L.

Acanthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Na-ga pu -v

 

Mesua nagassarium Burn f.

Clusiaceae

Flowers, oil

 

 

Na-ga tha-li

 

Ruta chalepensis L.

Rutaceae

W.plant

 

 

Na-ga thumbi

 

Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb.

Asclepiadaceae

W.plant

 

 

Na-gabala

 

Sida veronicaefolia Lam.

Malvaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Na-gadandi (var)

 

Croton oblongifolius Roxb.

Euphorbiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Na-gaka-ra

 

Elaeocarpus tuberculatus L.

Elaeocarpaceae

Leaes, Fruits

 

 

Na-gake-sara (var)

 

Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth.

Clusiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Na-i karimb

 

Saccharum spontaneum L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

Na -i karimbu

 

Saccharum spontanium L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

Na-i kurana

 

Mucuna pruriens L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

Na-ikorana

 

Mucuna pruriens L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

Na-ikumbil

 

Callicarpa tomentosa L.

Verbenaceae

Roots,Leaves

 

 

Na-ivela

 

Cleome viscosa L.

Capparidaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nakshathramulla

 

Ipomoea quamoclit L.

Convolvulaceae

Leaves

 

 

Nakshatra mulla(syn.)

 

Quamoclit pinnata L.

Convolvulaceae

W.plant

 

 

Na-like-ram

 

Cocos nucifera L.

Palmae

Inflorescence

 

 

Na-lkolpa konna

 

Operculina turpethum L.

Convolvulaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nallaka-ra

 

Elaeocarpus seratus L.

Elaeocarpaceae

Leaes, Fruits

 

 

Nallamulak

 

Piper nigram L.

Piperaceae

Roots, Seeds.

 

 

N-allu

 

Leea indica Burm.f.

 

Leeaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Na-lumani chedi

 

Mirabilis jalapa L.

Nyctaginaceae

W.plant

 

 

Na-muka ppullu

 

Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd.

Polypodiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nanche

 

Croton tiglium L.

Euphorbiaceae

Seeds,Bark.

 

 

Nandya-r vartham

 

Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br.

Apocynaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Nandya-r vattam

 

Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br.

Apocynaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Na-nge

 

Mesua ferrea L.

Cluiaceae

Roots,Bark,Fruits,Flowers.

 

 

Nanjaruppan

 

Tylophora tenuis L.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

N-ankan.a

Saccharum spontaneum L.

 

Poaceae

Roots, stems

 

 

Nannari

 

Hemidesmus indicus L.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

N-arala vally

 

Vitis pallida L.

Vitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Naranam puli

 

Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb.

Malvaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Nari kumbalanga

 

Benincasa hispida L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

 

 

Nari venka-yam

 

Urginea indica Kanth.

Liliaceae

W. Plant

 

 

N-arra

 

Syzygium cumini L.

Myrtaceae

Bark, seeds

 

 

Naru nendi

 

Hemidesmus indicus L.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

Naru ni-ndi

 

Hemidesmus indicus L.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

Naru vari

 

Cordia dichotoma Forst.

Boraginaceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

Naru viri

 

Cordia dichotoma Forst.

Boraginaceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

Narum ba-nal

 

Uvaria narum Wall.

Anonaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Narum bbassa

 

Commiphora myrrha L.

Burseraceae

Gum

 

 

Narum channa

 

Costus speciosus L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhozome, leaves

 

 

Narumbbassa maram

 

Commiphora myrrha L.

Burseraceae

Gum

 

 

Na-ttathi vitayam

 

Aconitum heterophyllum Wall.

Ranunculaceae

Roots

 

 

Na-ttubatha-m

 

Terminalia catappa L.

Combretaceae

Seeds

 

 

N-aval

Syzygium cumini L.

 

Myrtaceae

Bark, seeds

 

 

Navara nellu

 

Oryza sativa L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

N-azhal

 

Aglaia roxburgiana L.

Meliaceae

Flowers

 

 

N-azhal (var)

Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl.

 

Verbenaceae

Flowers, seeds

 

 

Ne- rmuthanga

 

Scirpus grossus L.

Cyperaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Neikumbalam

 

Benincasa hispida L.

Cucurbitaeae

Fruits

 

 

Nel ppana

 

Curculigo orchioides Gartn.

Amaryllidaceae

Root stock.

 

 

Ne-lakoduve-li

 

Plumbago carpensis L.

Plumbaginaceae

Roots

 

 

Ne-lave-la

 

Cleome retrosperma L.

Capparidaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ne-layamari

 

Indigofera tinctoria L.

Papilionaeae

Leaves

 

 

Nelli maram

 

Phyllanthus emblica L.

Euphorbiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Nelli va-ka

 

Albizia odoratissima L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Nellikka

 

Phyllanthus emblica L.

Euphorbiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Nellu

 

Oryza sativa L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Ne-lo-lpalam

 

Monochoria hastaefolia L.

Pontederiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Nenmeni va-ka

 

Albizia lebbeck L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

N-erin-il (substitute)

 

Osmanthus fragrans L

Oleaceae

Oil

 

 

N-erinja-m puli

 

Solena amplexicaulis Lam.

Cucurbitaceae

Roots

 

 

N-erinjil

 

Tribulus terrestris L.

Zygophyllaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ne-rvatti

 

Dipterocarps turbinatus Gartn.

Dipterocaraceae

Oleoresin

 

 

N-etta-val

 

Holoptelea integrifolia Roch.

Ulmaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Netta-vil

 

Holoptelea integrifolia Roch.

Ulmaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Nei chi- ra

 

Beeta vulgaris L.

Chenopodiaceae

Tap root, leaves

 

 

Neithal

 

Monochoria vaginalis Burnf.

Pontederiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Neithal kkizhag

 

Limnanthemum cristatum Gris.

Gentianaceae

Roots

 

 

Neiyyunni

 

Diplocyclos pamatus L.

 

Cucurbitaeae

Leaves

 

 

Neiyyuruni

 

Diplocyclos palmatus L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni- la kola-mbi

 

Thumbergia grandiflora L.

Acanthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nila kat.ala

 

Arachis hypogaea L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ni-la mari

 

Indigofera tinctoria L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-la- mbal

 

Monochoria vaginalis Burnf.

Pontederiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nila na-rakam

 

Naregamia alata Wright &Arn.

Meliaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nila ppa-la

 

Euphorbia thymifolia L.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nila ppana

 

Curculigo orchioides Gartn.

Amaryllidaceae

Roots

 

 

Nila tha-mara

 

Nervelia aragona Gartn.

Orchidaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-la tha-mara

 

Monochoria vaginalis Burnf.

Pontederiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nilam paranda

 

Desmodium triflorum L.

Papilonaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nilappa-la (var)

 

Grangrea madraspatana L.

Aseraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Nila ve- ppu

 

Andrographis paniculata Vahl.

Acanthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-r bhrami

 

Bacopa monnieri L.

Scrophulariaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-r kadamb

 

Mitragyna parvifolia Roxb.

Rubiaceae

Root, bark, leaves

 

 

Ni-r maruth

 

Terminalia arjuna Roxb.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

Ni-r ma-thalam

 

Crataeva magna Lour.

Capparidaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-r mulli

 

Hygrophila auriculata.   Schum.

Acanthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-r nelli

 

Pithecellobium dulce Roxb.

Mimosoideae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-r pe-zhu

 

Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn.

Barringtoniaceae

Bark

 

 

Ni-r ppola

 

Pistia stratiotes L.

Araceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-r thippalli

 

Phyla nodiflora L.

Verbenaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-r thotta- vadi

 

Neptunia oleracea L.

Mimosoideae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-r va- lam

 

Croton tiglium L.

Euphorbiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ni-r vallippullu

 

Hygroryza aristata Retz.

Poaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

Ni-r vanchi

 

Homonoia riparia Lour.

Euphorbiaceae

Roots, leaves, fruits

 

 

Ni-r vatta

 

Hydnocarpus laurifolia L.

Flacourtiaceae

Seeds, oil

 

 

Ni-r ve-si

 

Delphinium denudatum Wall.

Ranunculaceae

Roots

 

 

Ni-ra lam

 

Hydnocarpus laurifolia L.

Flacourtiaceae

Seeds, oil

 

 

Ni-ra-ral

 

Marsilea quadrifolia L.

Marsiliaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-rat.i muthu

 

Baliospermum montanum Willd.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-ratti

 

Hydnocarpus laurifolia L.

Flacourtiaceae

Seeds, oil

 

 

Ni-rmel nerippu

 

Ammania bacifera L.

Lythraceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-roli

 

Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-ru-ri

 

Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ni-rval

 

Crataeva magna Lour.

Capparidaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nirvallipu-ve

 

Hygrorhiza aristata Retz.

Poacae

Whole Plant

 

 

Nirvasi

 

Delphinium denudatum Wall.

Ranunculaceae

Roots

 

 

Nirvisa

 

Delphinium denudatum Wall.

Ranunculaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Nisa- gandhi

 

Epiphyllum oxypetalum L.

Cactaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Nithya kallya-ni

 

Catheranthus roseus L.

Apocynaceae

W.plant

 

 

Nithya vazhuthana

 

Calonyction muricatum G.Don.

Convolvulaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ni-tti thotta-vadi

 

Neptunia oleracea L.

Mimosoideae

W.plant

 

 

Nochi

 

Vitex trifolia L.

Verbenaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

N-odijotta

 

Physalis minima L.

Solanaceae

W.plant

 

 

N-oganamppullu

 

Phragmites kirka Trin.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

N-otta-n n-odiyan

 

Physalis minima L.

Solanaceae

W.plant

 

 

N-rin-ampuli (var)

 

Rheum emodi Wall.

Polygonaceae

Seeds

 

 

Nu-l paruthi

 

Gossipium herbaceum L.

Malvaceae

W.plant

 

 

O-da

 

Sarcostigma kloinii Wright.

Icancinaceae

Bark, leaves, oil

 

 

O-da maram

 

Sarcostigma kloinii Wright.

Icancinaceae

Bark, leaves, oil

 

 

O-da yenna

 

Sarcostigma kloinii Wright.

Icancinaceae

Oil

 

 

O-dal

 

Sarcostigma kloinii Wright.

Icancinaceae

Bark, leaves, oil

 

 

Odiya maram

 

Lannea coromandelica Vahl.

Anacardiaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

O-kke

Quercus incana Roxb.

 

Fagaceae

Periderm

 

 

Oli ba-nam

 

Boswellia serrata Roxb.

Burseraceae

Resin

 

 

Olive maram

 

Olea europia L.

Oleaceae

Bark, oil, seeds

 

 

O-mam

 

Carum copticum Benth.

Apiaceae

Seeds

 

 

O-rila

 

Desmodium gangeticum DC.

Papilionaceae

Roots

 

 

O-rila (small)

 

Uraria picta DeSr.

Papilioaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

O-rila tha-mara

 

Nervelia aragoana Gartn.

Orchidaceae

Whole plant

 

 

O-rilathamara (var)

 

Viola odorata L.

Violaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Orukal n-ondi

 

Perstrophe bicalyculata L.

Acanthaceae

Whole plant

 

 

O-t.amaram (var)

 

Balanites aegeptica L.

Simarubaceae

Fruits

 

 

O-t.amaram (var)

 

Balanites roxburghii L.

Simarubaceae

Fruits

 

 

Otha valam

 

Cerbera odallam Gaertn.

Apocynaceae

Leaves, fruits, latex

 

 

Othalam

 

Cerbera odallam Gaertn.

Apocynaceae

Leaves, fruits, latex

 

 

Ottaka mullu

 

Alhagi camelorum Fisch.

Papilioaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ottakachet.i

 

Alhagi camelorum Fisch.

Papilioaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Pa- cho-tti

 

Symplocos cochinchinensis Lour.

Symplocaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pacha chi-ra

 

Amarantus gangeticus L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pacha manjal

 

Curcuma longa L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Pacha mulak

 

Capsicum annum L.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

Pa-chendi

 

Palaquinm   ellipticum Engler

Sapotaceae

Guttapercha

 

 

Pachila

 

Cinnamomum tamala L.

Lauraceae

Leaves

 

 

Padar cchunda

 

Cassia mimosoides L.

Caesalpinaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Pa-ksha-n.a bhe-di

 

Bergenia ligulata L.

Saxifragaceae

Bark

 

 

Pakshi pa- thalam

 

Dracaena ternifolia L.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Pa-l kka-yam

Ferula asafoetida L.

 

Apiaceae

Resin

 

 

Pa-l muthuk

Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.

 

Convolvulaceae

Tuberous roots

 

 

Pa-l nirvassi

Kyllinga nemoralis Fort.

 

Cyperaceae

Tubers

 

 

Pa-l valli

Ichnocarpus frutescens L.

 

Apocynaceae

Roots

 

 

Pa-la

Alstonia scholaris L.

 

Apocynaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Pa-la kki-ra

 

Tamarix articulata Vahl.

Tamaricaceae

W.plant

 

 

Palaka ppayya-na

 

Oroxylum indicum L.

Bignoniaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Palaka ppayya-ni

 

Oroxylum indicum L.

Bignoniaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pa-luzhavam

 

Celastrus paniculatus Willd.

Celastraceae

Bark, leaves, seeds.

 

 

Pa-n.al (var)

 

Glycosmis pentaphylla L.

Rutaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pana

 

Borassus flabellifer L.

Arecaceae

Inflorescence

 

 

Pana cha

 

Diospyros malabarica L.

Ebnaceae

Bark, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Pana chakam

 

Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb.

Malvaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pana viral

 

Borassus flabellifer L.

Arecaceae

Inflorescence

 

 

Panachi (var)

 

Diospyros peregrina L.

Ebnaceae

Fruits, Bark.

 

 

Pa-nal

 

Glycosmis arborea DC.

Rutaceae

W.plant

 

 

Panchasa-ra

 

Saccharum officinarum L.

Poaceae

Juice

 

 

Pani chi

 

Diospyros malabarica L.

Ebnaceae

Bark, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Pani ku-rka

 

Coleus aromaticus Lour.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Pani ni-r

 

Rosa centifolia L.

Rosaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pani ni-rpu- v

 

Rosa centifolia L.

Rosaceae

Flowers

 

 

Panikkizhag

 

Dioscoria sativa L.

Dioscoriaceae

Bulb

 

 

Panikko-rka (var)

 

Coleus amboinicus Lour.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Panin ji

 

Diospyros malabarica L.

Ebnaceae

Bark, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Panji maram

 

Ceiba pentandra L.

Bombacaceae

Root, bark

 

 

Panji pparuthi

 

Gossipium herbaceum L.

Malvaceae

W.plant

 

 

Panna kkizhag

 

Drynaria quercifolia L.

Polypodiaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Panni muringa

 

Casearia esculenta Roxb.

Flacourtiaceae

Roots,Leaves

 

 

Papara ppuli

 

Adensonia digitata L.

Bombacaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Pappa-li

 

Carica papaya L.

Caricaceae

Fruits, latex

 

 

Pappa-ya

 

Carica papaya L.

Caricaceae

Fruits, latex

 

 

Pa-r valli

Ichnocarpus frutescens L.

 

Apocynaceae

Roots

 

 

Pa-ra ppan-i

 

Cochlospermum religiosum L.

Cochlospermaceae

Bark.

 

 

Pa-rakam

 

Ficus hispida L.

Moraceae

Roots, leaves, bark.

 

 

Paranda valli

 

Entada scandens L.

Mimosoideae

Seeds

 

 

Parangi ma-v

 

Anacardium occidentale L.

Anacardiaceae

Seeds, bark

 

 

Parangi mulak

 

Capscicum frutescens L.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

Pa-rasikaya va-ni

 

Hyoscyamus niger L.

Solanaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pari ja-tham

 

Citharexylum subseratum L.

Verbenaceae

Flowers

 

 

Paricha kam

 

Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb.

Malvaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Parppataka ppullu

 

Hedyotis corymbosa L.

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Parppatakam

 

Hedyotis corymbosa L.

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Paruka

 

Streblus asper Lour.

Moraceae

Bark,Leaves ,Roots

 

 

Paruka bhalam

 

Phoenix pusilla Gartn.

Arecaceae

Fruits

 

 

Parushakam

 

Grewia asiatica L

Teliaceae

Bark

 

 

Parushakam (var)

 

Grewia populifolia L

Teliaceae

Bark

 

 

Paruthi

 

Gossipium herbaceum L.

Malvaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Paruva maram

 

Streblus asper Lour.    

Moraceae

Roots& bark.

 

 

Paruvakkot.i

 

Pothos scandens L.

Araceae

Roots

 

 

Pasa kkotta

 

Sapindus laurifolius Vahl.

Sapindaceae

Fruits

 

 

Pasaliche-ra

 

Trianthema portulacastrum L.

Aizoaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Passion fruit

 

Passiflora edulis L.

Passifloraceae

Fruit juice

 

 

Pa-ssipa-dam

Dracaena ternifolia L.

 

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

Pasu pa- si

 

Myristica malabarica Lam.

Myristicaceae

Seed, aril

 

 

Pat.a valanga

 

Trichosanthes cucumerina L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pat.athipullu

 

Floscopa scandens Lour.

Commelinaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Pat.avalam

 

Trichosanthes cucumerina L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pat.o-lam

 

Trichosanthes cucumerina L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pat.u karana

 

Toona ciliata Roem.

Meliaceae

Bark, flrs.

 

 

Pa-ta kkizhag

 

Cyclea peltata Hook.

Menispermaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pa-ta valli

 

Cyclea peltata Hook.

Menispermaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pa-tha-la garudakkodi

 

Cocculus hirsutus L.

Menispermaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pathi mukham

 

Prunus cerasoides D.Don

Rosaceae

Heart wood

 

 

Pathimuham (var)

 

Prunus prudum Roxb.

Rosaceae

Heart wood

 

 

Pa-thiri

 

Stereosermum suaveolens L.

Bignoniaceae

Bark

 

 

Pa-thiri (var)

 

Stereospermum colais Buch.

Bignoniaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pathu mukam

 

Prunus cerasoides D.Don

Rosaceae

Heart wood

 

 

Patt.a-ni kkat.ala

 

Pisum sativum L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Patt.a-ni ppayar

 

Pisum sativum L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Patt.i punna

 

Dillinia pentagyna L.

Dilliniaceae

Bark

 

 

Patt.unu-l puzhuchedi

 

Morus alba L.

Moraceae

Roots,leaves, fruits

 

 

Pa-v

 

Pavetta indica L.

Rubiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pa-val

 

Mormodica charantia L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pa-vatta

 

Morinda pubescens J.E.Smith

Rubiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pavizha malli

 

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.

Oleaceae

Roots, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Payar

 

Vigna unguiculata L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Payigachulli

 

Acanthus illicifolius L.

Acanthaceae

Roots

 

 

Payya zhanda

 

Oroxylum indicum L.

Bignoniaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pazhamoon pa-la

 

Manilkara hexandra Roxb.

Sapotaceae

Bark, flrs.

 

 

Pazhamunni ppa- la

 

Manilkara hexandra Roxb.

Sapotaceae

Bark, flrs.

 

 

Pe-chu-ra

 

Lagenaria siceraria L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pe-kku mmatt.i

 

Cucumis trigonus Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pe-le

 

Careya arborea Roxb.

Barringtoniaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Pe-nari

 

Acacia furnesiana Willd.

Mimosoideae

Bark,Leaves

 

 

Pe-pado-lam

 

Trichosanthes lobata Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pe-ra

 

Psidium guajava L.

Myrtaceae

Roots, leaves, flrs, fruits

 

 

Pe-ralam

 

Amomum subulatum Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Seeds

 

 

Pe-ra-lin vitave-ru

 

Ficus bengalensis L.

Moraceae

Aerial roots

 

 

Peranda

 

Cissus quadrangularis L.

Vitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pe-raratha

 

Ophiorrhiza mungo L.

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Peri

 

Mesu ferrea L.

Clusiacae

Roots ,Bark, Flrs.

 

 

Pe-ri tha

 

Phoenix dactylifera L.

Arecaceae

Roots, leaves, flrs, fruits

 

 

Peri ye-lam

 

Amomum subulatum Roxb.  

Zingiberaceae

Seeds

 

 

Perin je-rakam

 

Foeniculam vulgare Mill.

Apiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Perive-lam

 

Clerodendron viscosum Vent.

Verbenaceae

Roots,Leaves, Bark

 

 

Peru naruvari

 

Cordia wallichi L.

Boraginaceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

Peruk

 

Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.

Verbenaceae

Leaves

 

 

Perum chatt.ipayar

 

Mucuna monosperma DC.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Perum je-rakam

 

Foeniculm vulgare Mill.

Apiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Perum ka-yam

 

Ferula asafoetida L.

Apiaceae

Resin

 

 

Perum kla-v

 

Carissa carandas L.

Apocynaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Perum kurumba

 

Chonemorpha fragrans L.

Apocynaceae

Roots

 

 

Perum na-val

 

Toona ciliata Roem.

Meliaceae

Bark, flowers

 

 

Perum niru-ri

 

Breynia retusa Alston.

Euphorbiaceae

Cell sap

 

 

Perum pe-ram

 

Luffa cylindrica Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits, seeds

 

 

Perum thut.ali

 

Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.

Rhamnaceae

Fruits

 

 

Perumka-yam

 

Ferula asafetida L.

Apiaceae

Resin

 

 

Pe-tharmani

 

Helleborus niger L.

Ranunculaceae

Roots

 

 

Pe-tt.u marunnu

 

Anamirta cocculus L.

Menispermaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Pe-zh

 

Careya arborea Roxb.

Barringtoniaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Pe-zu

 

Careya arborea Roxb.

Barringtoniaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Pi- muthanga

 

Kyllinga nemoralis Fort.

 

Cyperaceae

Tubers

 

 

Pi- ve-lam

 

Acacia leucocephala Roxb.

Mimosoideae

Bark.

 

 

Picchi

 

Jasminum grandiflorum L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pi-ch

 

Prunus persica L.

Rosaceae

Fruits

 

 

Pichaka mulla

 

Jasminum grandiflorum L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pichakam

 

Jasminum grandiflorum L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pi-chil

 

Luffa acutangula L.

Cucurbitaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Pi-chil (var)

Luffa echinata Roxb.

Cucurbitceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Pi-chinga

 

Luffa acutangula L.

Cucurbitaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Pila-v

 

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Moraceae

W.plant

 

 

Pillamaruth

 

Terminalia paniculata Roth.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

Pina-pple

 

Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr.

Bromeliaceae

Fruits

 

 

Pina-r valli

 

Zanonia indica L.

Cucurbitaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Pi-na-ri

 

Sterculia foetida L.

Sterculiaceae

Heart wood

 

 

Pinna-k

 

Sesamum indicum L.

Pedaliaceae

Oil cake

 

 

Pinnam puli

 

Garcinia gummi-gutta L.

Clusiaceae

Fruit

 

 

Pistha

 

Pistacia vera L.      

Anacardiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Pi-tha rohini

 

Coptis teeta Wall.

Ranumculaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pithrumani kkizhag

 

Coptis teeta Wall.

Ranumculaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pi-ve-lam

 

Acacia furnesiana Willd.

Mimosoideae

Bark,Leaves

 

 

Piyar

 

Prunus communis L.

Rosaceae

Fruits

 

 

Plaksa

 

Ficus lacor Buch &Ham

Moraceae

Bark

 

 

 

Pla-s

Butea monosperma L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Pla-v

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Moraceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Plums

Prunus domestica L.

Rosaceae

Fruits

 

 

Podina (var)

 

Mentha spicata L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

 

Poi thalachi

Naravelia zeylanica L.

Ranunculaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pokala

 

Nicotiana tabacum L.

Solanaceae

Leaves

 

 

 

Polla

Anamirta cocculus L.

Menispermaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Pon galam

 

Dryptes roxburghii Wall.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Pon karandi

 

Salacia reticulata Wight.

Hippocrataceae

Roots

 

 

Pon kurandi

 

Salacia reticulata Wight.

Hippocrataceae

Roots

 

 

Ponga llyam

 

Pongamia pinnata L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pongu

 

Pongamia pinnata L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Ponna- vi-ram

Cassia occidentalis L.

Caesalpiniaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ponnam kanni   ke-ra

 

Alternanthera sessilis L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ponna-m valli

 

Derris brevipes Baker.

Papilionaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Ponnan ga-ni

 

Alternanthera sessilis L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ponnarali

 

Thevetia peruviana L.

Apocnaceae

Bark,Fruits

 

 

Po-nnarali

 

Asclepias curassavica L.

Asclepiadacee

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Ponna-ri vi-ram

Cassia occidentalis L.

Caesalpiniaceae

W.plant

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ponnummath

Argemone mexicana L.

Papavaraceae

W.plant

 

 

Pothina

 

Mentha spicata L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Pott.a kka-valam

 

Sterculia foetida L.

Sterculiaceae

Heart wood

 

 

 

Pozhu thalachi

Naravelia zeylanica L.

Ranunculaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Pra sa-rini

Merremia tridentata Burm f.

Convolvulaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Prayi thalachi

Naravelia zeylanica L.

Ranunculaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Pri ya-lam

Buchanania lanzan Spreng.

Anacardiaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pu- kaitha

 

Pandanus odoratissimus Lin f.

Pandanaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Pu-cha ppazham

 

Passiflora foetida L.

Passifloraceae

Fruit

 

 

Pu-cha va-lan

 

Acalypha hispida L.

Euphorbiaceae

W.plant.

 

 

Pu-chet.i

 

Lantana camara var. aculeate L.

Verbenaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Pudina (var)

 

Mentha piperata L.

Lamiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Pudina (var)

 

Mentha sylvestris L.

Lamiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Pudina (var)

 

Mentha viridis L.

Lamiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Pukayila

 

Nicotiana tabacum L.

Solanaceae

Leaves

 

 

Pu-la kkizhag

 

Manihot esculenta Gartn.

Euphorbiaceae

Tuberous root

 

 

Pu-la maram

 

Bombax ceiba L.

Bombacaceae

W.plant

 

 

Puli

 

Tamarindus indicus L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Fruits

 

 

Puli chuvat.i

 

Ipomoea pes-tigridis L.

Convolvulaceae

W.plant.

 

 

Puli va-ka

 

Albizia odoratissima L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

Pulimaram

 

Tamarindus indicus L

Caesalpiniaceae

Fruits, leaves

 

 

Pulinakham

 

Martynia annua L.

Pedaliaceae

Leaves, Fruits

 

 

Puliya na-thi

 

Annona muricata L.

Anonaceae

Fruits

 

 

Puliya-ral

 

Oxalis corniculata L.

Oxalidaceae

W.plant.

 

 

Pulla maruth

 

Terminalia paniculata Roth.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

Pulla-ndi

 

Calycopteris floribunda L.

Combretaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Pulla-ni

 

Calycopteris floribunda L.

Combretaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Pullat.i   (var)

 

Desmodium gangeticum DC.

Papilionaceae

Roots

 

 

Pu-maruth

 

Terminalia paniculata Roth.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

Punarnava

 

Boerhaavia erecta L.

Nyctaginaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Punja ppullu

 

Eleusine coracana L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Punna

 

Calophyllum inophyllum L.

Clusiaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Punnya-va

 

Aglaia roxburghiana L.

Meliaceae

W.plant.

 

 

Pu-pa-thiri

 

Sterospermum colais Buch

Bignoniaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pu-pparuthi

 

Thespesia populnea L.

Malvaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pushkara mu-lam

 

Inula racemosa Hook.

Asteraceae

W.plant.

 

 

Put.aya-v

 

Rhaphidophora laciniata Burn f.

Araceae

Stem

 

 

Pu-thi manathi

 

Sterculia foetida L.

Sterculiaceae

Heart wood

 

 

Pu-thi yun.arthi

 

Sterculia foetida L.

Sterculiaceae

Heart wood

 

 

Puthina

 

Mentha arvensis L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves

 

 

Puthra ji-vi

 

Drypetes roxburghii Wall.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Putthilanji

 

Drypetes roxburghii Wall.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Putthiri chunda

 

Solanum anguivi Lam.

Solanaceae

Roots

 

 

Puttil pi-ram

 

Luffa acutangula L.

Cucurbitaceae

Leaves, fruits

 

 

Pu-va-m kurundal

 

Vernonia cinerea L.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

Pu-va-m kurun-ila

 

Vernonia cinerea L.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

Pu-va-m kurunnila

 

Vernonia cinerea L.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

Pu-varas

 

Thespesia populnea L.

Malvaceae

W.plant

 

 

Pu-vvam

 

Schleichera oleosa L.

Sapindaceae

Bark, seed

 

 

Puzha marani

 

Terminalia arjuna Roxb.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

Puzha tha-li

 

Crinum asiaticum L.

Amaryllidaceae

Bulb

 

 

Puzha va-ni

 

Homomoia riparia Lour.

Euphorbiaceae

Bark

 

 

Puzhamulla

 

Clerodendron inerme Gaertn

Verbenaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Puzhu kkolli

 

Rhinacanthus nasuta L.

Acanthaceae

W.plant.

 

 

Puzhukolli

 

Rhinacanthus nastuta L.

Acanthaceae

Roots,Leaves

 

 

 

Ra- ja malli

Caesalpinia pulcherima L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Flowers

 

 

 

Ra-kkila

Blumea lacera DC.

 

Asteraceae

Roots, bark, seeds

 

 

Raktha chandanam

 

Pterocarpus santalinus Lin f.

Papilionaceae

Heart wood

 

 

 

Ra-ma cham

Vetiveria zizanoides L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

Ra-mana-mapacha

 

Desmodium gyrans L.

Papilionaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ra-mathulassi

 

Ocimum basilicum L.

Lamiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Rangu-n valli

 

Quisqualis indica L.

Combretaceae

Flowers

 

 

 

Ra-sberry

Rubus idaeus L

Rosaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Ra-sna

Alpinia calcarata L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Ra-sna

 

Alpinia officianarum L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Raso-na

 

Allium ascalonicum L.

Liliaceae

Bulb

 

 

 

Ra-thri rani

Nyctanthus arbor-stris L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Rohi thuka

Tecoma undulata D.Don

Bignoniaceae

Bark

 

 

 

Ro-sa

Rosa centifolia L.

Rosaceae

Roots, leaves, flrs.

 

 

 

Ro-sa ppu-v

Rosa centifolia L.

Rosaceae

Roots, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Rudhi

 

Habinaria edgeworthii Hook.

Orchidaceae

Tubers

 

 

Rudhi vrudhi

 

Habinaria edgeworthii Hook.

Orchidaceae

Tubers

 

 

 

Rudra- ksham

Elaeocarpus serrats L.

Elaeocarpaceae

Seeds

 

 

Rudra-ksham (var)

 

Elaeocarpus sphaericus L.

Elaeocarpaceae

Seeds

 

 

Rumi masthaki

 

Pistacia   lentiscus L.

Anacardiaceae

Fruits Bark.

 

 

 

Sabarjelli

Prunus communis L.

Rosaceae

Fruits

 

 

Sahacharam

 

Strobilanthes ciliatus L.

Acanthaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Sa-khota vruksham

Strebulus asper Lour.

Moraceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

 

Sa-la misri

Orchis latifolia L.

Orchidaceae

Tubers

 

 

 

Sa-la vruksham

Shorea robusta Gartn.

Dipterocarpaceae

Bark, resin

 

 

Salabhapathri

 

Evolvlus pluricaulis L.

Convolvulaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Sa-lamaram

Shorea robusta Gartn.

Dipterocarpaceae

Bark.

 

 

 

Sam khini

Clenolepis cerasiformis L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Sa-mba-r chi-ra

Talinum cuneifolium L.

Portulacaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Sambara ppullu

Cymbopogon martinii Roxb.

Poaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Sa-mbra-ni

Boswellia serrata Roxb.

Burseraceae

Bark, gum.

 

 

 

Samudra phalam

Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn.

Lecythradaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Samudra ppacha

Argyreia nervosa Burm f.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

Sanku pushpam

 

Clitoria ternatea L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, Flrs.

 

 

Sanku pushpi

 

Canscora deccusata Roxb.

Gentianaceae

W.plant

 

 

Sankum kuppi

 

Clerodendron inerme Gaertn.

Verbenaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Sanni na-yakam

Aloe barbadense Mill.

Liliaceae

Cell sap

 

 

 

Sappan gam

Caesalpinia sapan L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Heart wood

 

 

 

Sar karakkizhag

Ipomoea batatas L.

Convolvulaceae

Tubers

 

 

Sar karam

 

Saccharum officinarum L.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Sara

Saccharum munja Roxb.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Saralam

Pinus roxburghii L.

Pinaceae

Wood, oleoresin

 

 

 

Sarppa ppo-la

Sanseviera Roxburghiana Schult.

Liliaceae

Leaves

 

 

 

Sat.i

Hedychium spicatum Buch.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Satha kuppa

 

Anethum graveolens L.

Apiaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Satha- vali

Asparagus racemosus Willd.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Satha- vari

Asparagus racemosus Willd.

Liliaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Sa-thala bhrammi

Acacia sinulata Lour.

Mimosoideae

Pods

 

 

Satha-p

 

Ruta graveolens L.

Rutaceae

Leaves

 

 

 

Sava kkotta ppacha

Vinca rosea L.

Apocynaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Sava na-ri

Vinca rosea L.

Apocynaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Sava-laulli

 

Allium cepa L.

Liliaceae

Bulb

 

 

Shangupushpi

 

Evolvulus alsinoides L.

Convolvulaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Shi-ma athi

Ficus carica L.

Moraceae

Roots, fruits, latex

 

 

 

Shi-ma kkonna

Glyricidium maculata L.

Papilionaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Shi-ma pla-v

Artocarpus communis Forst.

Moraceae

W.plant

 

 

Shimsapa

 

Amhertsia nobilis L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Flowers

 

 

 

Shiva lingakka-ya

Diplocyclos palmatus L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Shiva mu-li

Cannabis sativa L.

Cannabinaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Shiva na

Operculina turpethum L.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Shiva valli

Diplocyclos palmatus L.

Cucurbitaceae

W.plant

 

 

Shivakranthi

 

Evolvulus numularis L.

Convolvulaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Shivalingi

 

Bryonia laciniosa L.

Cucurbitaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Shivo-li kkoti

Rubia cordifolia L.          

Rubiaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Shya-litha

Dellenia indica L.

Dellinaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

 

Si- sam

Dalbergia sisoo Roxb.

Papilionaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

Sikka-ka

 

Altingia excelsa Noronha.

Hamamelidaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

 

Sitha- bhalam

Annona squamosa L.

Annonaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Sitha- ppazham

Annona squamosa L.

Annonaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Sitha-m bal

Nymphaea stellata L.                

Nymphaceae

Rhizome

 

 

 

Si-tha-mb

Hiptage benghalensis L.

Malpigiaceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

 

Si-tha-mbu

Hiptage benghalensis L.

Malpigiaceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

 

Sithu-ri

Mallotus philippensis Lam.

Euphorbiaceae

Husk of fruits

 

 

 

Sniktha ji-rakam

Plantago ovata Forst.

Plantaginaceae

Seeds

 

 

 

So-ma latha

Sarcostema acidum L.

Asclepiadaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

So-mana- thika-yam

Gardenia gummifera L.

Rubiaceae

Resin

 

 

So-mara-ya tholi

 

Acacia polyantha L.

Mimosoideae

Bark

 

 

 

 

So-ppinka-ya maram

Sapindus emarginatus Vahl.

Sapindaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

So-ya bean

Glycine max L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

 

Sta-r a-pple

Chrysophyllum cainito L.

Sapotaceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

 

Su- chi mallika

Jasminum auriculatum L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Su- chi mulla

Jasminum auriculatum L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

Subramanyakiret.a m

Tecoma stans L.

Bignoniaceae

Bark.

 

 

 

Sunna- mukki

Cassia sena L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves

 

 

Surapunnaga

 

Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth.

Clusiaceae

Bark

 

 

 

Surya ka-nthi

Helianthus annus L.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Suryappu

Helianthus annus L.

Asteraceae

W.plant

 

 

Swarnakisiri

 

Euphorbia thomsoniana Boix.

Euphorbiaceae

Latex

 

 

Swethadurva

 

Imperata cylindrica Beauv.

 

Poaceae

Seeds

 

 

T.arpentain maram

 

Pinus roxburghii L.

Pinaceae

Resin

 

 

Ta- kko-la ppu-ttil

 

Illicium verum Hook .f.

Magnoliaceae

Fruits

 

 

Tadiyan ka-ya

 

Lagenaria vulgaris L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

 

 

Taila ppullu

 

Cymbopogon citratus DC.

Poaceae

Oil

 

 

Takara

 

Cassia tora L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves, seeds

 

 

Takaram

 

Valeriana jadamansi Jones.

Valerianaceae

Roots

 

 

Takka-li

 

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.

Solanaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ta-kko- lappu- ttin

 

Illicium verum Hook .f.

Magnoliaceae

Fruits

 

 

Ta-kkolam

 

Illicium verum Hook .f.

Magnoliaceae

Fruits

 

 

Tala neeli

 

Merremia tridentata Burm f.

Convolvulaceae

W.plant

 

 

Talave-dhana valli

 

Naravelia zeylanica L.

Ranunculaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ta-leesa pathram

 

Abies spectabilis D.Don.

Pinaceae

Cones

 

 

Ta-li ma-thalam

 

Punica granatum L.

Punicaceae

Roots, Fruits

 

 

Ta-liyari

 

Iopmoea nil L.

Convolvulaceae

Seeds

 

 

Ta-mala pathram

 

Cinnamomum tamala L.

Lauraceae

Leaves bark.

 

 

Ta-mara

 

Nelumbo nucifera Gartn.

Nymphaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ta-nni

 

Terminalia bellarica Roxb.

Combretaceae

Bark, fruits

 

 

Ta-nni mathan

 

Citrulus vulgaris L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruit

 

 

Ta-nnikka

 

Terminalia bellarica Roxb.

Combretaceae

Bark, fruits

 

 

Tanthala kkotti

 

Crotalaria retusa L.

Papilionaceae

W.plant

 

 

Tatha chu-ri

 

Spermacoce hispida L.

Rubiaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Tathiri

 

Woodfordia fruticosa L.

Lythraceae

Flowers

 

 

Ta-thiri poo

 

Woodfordia fruticosa L.

Lythraceae

Flowers

 

 

Ta-vizha- ma

 

Boerhavia diffusa L.

Nyctaginaceae

W.plant

 

 

Ta-zhambu

 

Pandanus odoratissimus Lin f.

Pandanaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Tazhu tha-ma

 

Boerhavia diffusa L.

Nyctaginaceae

W.plant

 

 

Te- r maram

 

Desmodium oajenise Roxb.

Papilionaceae

Leaves bark.

 

 

Te-ak

 

Tectona grandis L.

Verbenaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Techi

 

Ixora coccinea L.

Rubiaceae

Roots, leaves, flowers.

 

 

Te-kkada

 

Heliotropium indicum L.

Boraginaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Te-kkida

 

Heliotropium indicum L.

Boraginaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Te-kkida ve-ru

 

Heliotropium indicum L.

Boraginaceae

Roots

 

 

Telli

 

Vateria indica L.

Dipterocarpaceae

Resin

 

 

Te-mba-v

 

Terminalia crenulata Roth.

Combretaceae

Wood

 

 

Tena

 

Setaria italica L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Tenayari

 

Setaria italica L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Teng

 

Cocos nucifera L.

Palmae

Inflorescence

 

 

Te-r kada

 

Heliotropium indicum L.

Boraginaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Te-rl kada

 

Heliotropium indicum L.

Boraginaceae

W. Plant

 

 

Te-tta maram

 

Strychnos potatorum L.

Loganiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Te-tta-m baral

 

Strychnos potatorum L.

Loganiaceae

Seeds

 

 

Tetti

 

Ixora coccinea L.

Rubiaceae

Roots, leaves, flrs.

 

 

Te-yila

 

Camelia sinensis L.

Theaceae

Leaves

 

 

Tha liya marava-za

 

Acampe praemorsa L.

Orchidaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Tha- rtha-val

 

Spermacoce articularis L.f.

Rubiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Thakaram (var)

 

Valeriana wallichi L.

Valerianaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Tha-le-spathram (var)

 

Abies webbiana Lindle.

Pinaceae

Cones

 

 

Tha-li s pathram (var)

Taxus buccata L.

Pinaceae

Cones

 

 

Thallithe-nga

 

Terminalia cattapa L

Combretaceae

Seeds

 

 

Thartha-val (var)

 

Spermacoce hispida L.

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Thavassimuringa

 

Apama sliquosa Lamk.

Aristolochiaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

The- mba- ve

 

Terminalia crenulata Roth.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

The-nkottai

 

Semicarpus anacardium L.

Anacardiaceae

Seeds

 

 

The-rakam

 

Ficus asperima L.

Moraceae

Leaves

 

 

Thi- darmani

 

Mimosa pudica L.

Mimosoideae

Leaves

 

 

Thindikavrusham

 

Rhus parviflora Roxb.

Anacardiaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Thippali

 

Piper longum L.

Piperaceae

Fruits

 

 

Thirunithrippacha

 

Artemisia nilagirica L.

Asteraceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Thot.uka-ra (var)

 

Melastoma labathricum L.

Melastomaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Thot.uka-ra (var)

 

Ougenia dalbergioides Benth.

Fabaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Thot.uka-ra(var)

 

Osbeckia wightiana L.

Melastomaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Tho-ttupuli

 

Garcinia pedunculata Roxb.

Clusiaceae

Fruits

 

 

Thozhukanni

 

Desmodium gyrans L.

Papilionaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Thra-ya ma-nam

 

Gentiana kuroo Royle.

Gentianaceae

Roots

 

 

Thrikolppa konna

 

Operculina turpethum L.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

Thripuda

 

Operculina turpethum L.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

 

 

Thudari

 

Lepidium iberis L.

Cruciferae

Whole Plant

 

 

Thu-vakka-ya

 

Gnetum ula L.

Gnetaceae

Seeds

 

 

Tila pushpi

 

Digitalis purpurea L.

Scrophulariaceae

W.plant

 

 

Tina

 

Setaria italica L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Ti-ndar mani

 

Mimosa pudica L.

Mimosoideae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Tindisa vruksham

 

Trichosanthes laciniosa L.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

 

 

Tinna-mba-la

 

Wrightia tinctoria Roxb.

Apocynaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Tirutha-li

 

Ipomoea sepiaria Koen.

Convolvulaceae

W.plant

 

 

Tiruvatta ppassa

 

Pinus roxburghii L.

Pinaceae

Oleoresin

 

 

Ti-tta pla-ve

 

Artocarpus lackoocha Roxb.

Moraceae

Fruits

 

 

Tondi

 

Ficus hispida L.

Moraceae

Fruits

 

 

Tot.u ka- ra

 

Ougeinia oojeinensis L.

Papilionaceae

Leaves

 

 

Totta- va-ti

 

Mimosa pudica L.

Mimosoideae

Roots, leaves

 

 

To-tta va-zha

 

Canna indica L.

Cannaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Totta-l va-ti

 

Mimosa pudica L.

Mimosoideae

Roots, leaves

 

 

To-ttu vila

 

Capparis moonii Wight.

Capparidaceae

Seeds

 

 

Trutha-ve

 

Ocimum tenuiflorum L.

Lamiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Tudali

 

Ziziphus oenoplia L.

Rhamnaceae

Roots

 

 

Tudari

 

Ziziphus oenoplia L.

Rhamnaceae

Roots

 

 

Tulakka ppi-ram

 

Luffa cylindrica Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

 

 

Tulasi

 

Ocimum sanctum Gartn.

Lamiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Tumba

 

Leucas aspera Willd.

Lamiaceae

Leaves, flowers

 

 

Tumbunal

 

Zanthoxylum armatum DC.

Rutaceae

Bark, Fruit.

 

 

Tumbuni

 

Zanthoxylum armatum DC.

Rutaceae

Bark, Fruit.

 

 

Tumburu

 

Zanthoxylum armatum DC.

Rutaceae

Bark, Fruit.

 

 

Tummi

 

Gentiana kuroo Royle.

Gentianaceae

W.plant

 

 

Tu-n maram

 

Cedrela toona   Roxb.

Meliaceae

Bark.

 

 

Turuk shakam

 

Liquidamber orientalis Mill.

Hamamelidaceae

Balsm

 

 

Tu-si mulla

 

Jasminum auriculatum L.

Oleaceae

W.plant

 

 

Tu-thu vila

 

Solanum trilobatum L.

Solanaceae

W.plant

 

 

Tuvara

 

Cajanus cajan L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

Tuvara pparippu

 

Cajanus cajan L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

U- das leepa

 

Paeonia emodi Wall.

Paeoniaceae

Roots

 

 

U- lan thakara

 

Cassia occidentalis L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Whole plant

 

 

U- rakam

 

Abutilon indicum D.Don.

Malvaceae

Whole plant

 

 

U- rakam (var)

Abutilon avicennae L.

 

Malvaceae

Roots

 

 

U- rakam (var)

 

Abutilon indicum L.

Malvaceae

Roots

 

 

U- rakam (var)

Abutilon racemosum L.

 

Malvaceae

Roots

 

 

U- ram

 

Abutilon indicum D.Don.

Malvaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Uccha malari

 

Pentapetes phoenicea L.

Sterculiaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Udi

 

Lannea coromandelica Vahl.

Anacardiaceae

Bark, leaves

 

 

Udiram

 

Urena lobata L.

Malvaceae

Roots

 

 

Uka

 

Salvadora persica L.

Salvadoraceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

Uka maram

 

Salvadora persica L.

Salvadoraceae

Bark, leaves, fruits

 

 

Uluva

 

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Papilionaceae

Fruits, leaves

 

 

Ummam

 

Datura innoxia Mill

Solanaceae

Roots, Leaves,Fruits

 

 

Ummam

 

Datura stramonium L.

Solanaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Ummath

 

Datura stramonium L.

Solanaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Unakka yerukkizhag

 

Zingiber officianale Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Ung

 

Pongamia pinnata L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, bark, leaves, oil

 

 

Uppiliyan

 

Asystacia gangetica L.

Acathaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Upputhalai

 

Asystasia gangetica L.

Acanthaceae

Cell sap

 

 

Urinji maram

 

Sapindus laurifolia Vahl.

Sapindaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

Urithu-kki

 

Aristolochia indica L.

Aristolochiaceae

Roots

 

 

Uru linji

 

Sapindus laurifolia Vahl.

Sapindaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

Uru vanchi

 

Sapindus laurifolia Vahl.

Sapindaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

Urula kkizhang

 

Solanum tuberosum L.

Solanaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Uruma-m bazham

 

Punica granatum L

Punicaceae

Fruits& bark.

 

 

Urunji

 

Sapindus laurifolia Vahl.

Sapindaceae

Roots, bark, leaves

 

 

Usha- malari

 

Catharanthus roseus L.

Apocynaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Usthu khudas

 

Lavandula stoechas L.

Lamiaceae

Leaves, flrs.

 

 

Uthanga

 

Blepharis edulis Pers.

Acanthaceae

Whole Plant

 

 

Uthara kiriyath

 

Swertia chirayita Roxb.

Gentianaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Uzhija

 

Cardiospermum halicacabum L.

Sapindaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

Uzhunnu

 

Phaseolus mungo L.

Papilionaceae

Roots, seeds

 

 

Va- sna- bhi (var)

 

Aconitum chasmanthum L.Stapf.

Ranunculaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Va- sna- bhi (var)

 

Aconitum falconerii L.

Ranunculaceae

Whole plant

 

 

Va- sna- bhi (var)

 

Aconitum Ferox Wall.

Ranunculaceae

Whole plant

 

 

 

Vahni maram

Prosopsis cineraria L.

Fabaceae

Flowers

 

 

 

Vaira ppuli

Averrhoa carabola L.

Oxallidaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Vaiyyan gatha

Flacourtia jangomas Burn f.

Flacourtiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Va-ka

 

Albizia lebbeck L.

Mimosoideae

Bark, leaves

 

 

 

Va-l mulak

Piper cubeba L.

Piperaceae

Berries

 

 

 

Va-lamara

Canavalia gladiata Jacq.

Papilionaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Va-lavara

Canavalia gladiata Jacq.

Papilionaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Va-len ppuli

Tamarindus indicus L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Valiya malayakathi

Bouhinia racemosa L.

Caesalpiniaceae

Bark, flrs.

 

 

 

Valiya narune-ndi

Decalepis hameltonii W & A.

Asclepiadaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Valiya ne-rijil

Pedalium murex L.

Pedaliaceae

Fruits

 

 

Valiya O-rila

 

Desmodium veluthinum L.

Papilionaceae

Leaves, Roots.

 

 

Valiya vasalachi-ra

 

Basella alba var. rubra L.

Basellaceae

W.plant

 

 

Valiyaka-ra

 

Elaeocarpus serratus L.

Elaeocarpaceae

Leaves, Fruits

 

 

Valla ruk

 

Enicostemma axillare L.

Gentianaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Valli ppa-la

Tylophora indica Burn f.

Asclepiadaceae

W.plant

 

 

Vallithetti

 

Quisqualis indica L.

Combretaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Va-lppayar

Canavalia gladiata Jacq.

Papilionaceae

Fruits

 

 

 

Van kadala-ti

Achyranthus aspera L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Vana vrunthakam

Podophyllum hexandrum Royle.

Berbideraceae

Roots

 

 

 

Vanchi

Salix caprea L.

Salicaceae

Roots

 

 

Vankkotta

 

Trapa bispinosa Roxb.

Trapaceae

Rhizome

 

 

 

Vara valli

Calycopteris floribunda L.

Combretaceae

W.plant

 

 

Varak

 

Paspalum scrobiculatum L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

 

Varambe-kodive-li

Hedyotis auricularia L.

 

Rubiaceae

W.plant

 

 

Varattu manjal

 

Curcuma longa L.

Zingiberaceae

Rhizome

 

 

Varinellu

 

Oryza perinis L.

Poaceae

Grains

 

 

Varna pathri

 

Codiaeum variegatum Bl.

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves

 

 

 

Va-sana ppullu

Cymbopogon citrates D C.

Poaceae

Oil

 

 

 

Va-sthu chi-ra

Chenopodium album L.

Chenopodiaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Vat.akkan rasna

Pluchea lanceolata O & H.

Asteraceae

Roots

 

 

Vat.uka ppulina-rakam

Citrus aurantifolia L.

Rutaceae

Fruits

 

 

Va-tamalli

 

Gomphrena globosa L.

Amaranthaceae

W.plant

 

 

Va-tha kkodi

 

Cayratia carnosa Walll.      

Vitaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Va-tha kkolli

Justicia gendurussa Burn f.

Acanthaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Vatta ka-kkakoti

Wattakaka volublis L.

Asclepiadaceae

Leaves, roots

 

 

 

Vatta kkottayila

Dregea volubilis Benth.

Asclepiadaceae

Leaves

 

 

Vattaperive-lam

 

Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.

Verbenaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Vattappalam

 

Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.

Verbenaceae

Roots, Leaves

 

 

Vattumka-ya

 

Enteda scandens L.

Papilionceae

Seeds

 

 

 

Vayamb

Acorus calamus L.

Araceae

Rhizome

 

 

 

Vayyan gatha

Asclepias curassavica L.

Asclepiadaceae

W.plant.

 

 

Va-zhapat.athi

 

Commelina benghalensis L.

Commelinaceae

Leaves, Rhizome.

 

 

Va-zhappunna

 

Dillenia pentagyna L.

Dillinaceae

Seeds

 

 

 

Vazhu thina

 

Solanum melongena L.

Solanaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Ve-l vayamb

Acorus calamus L.

Araceae

Rhizome

 

 

 

Vel vazhuthana

Solanum melongena L.

Solanaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Vel ve-lakam

Acacia leucophloea Roxb.

Mimosoideae

Bark, wood

 

 

 

Vel ve-lam (var)

Acacia leucophloea Roxb.

Mimosoideae

Bark, wood

 

 

 

Ve-la

 

Cleome viscosa L.

Capparidaceae

W.plant

 

 

 

Ve-li pparuthi

Pergularia daemia Forsk.

Asclepiadaceae

Leaf

 

 

 

Ve-li thondi

Alangium salvifolium Wang.

Alangiaceae

Roots, fruits

 

 

Vella ayani

 

Dipterocarpus turbinatus Gartn.

Dipterocarpaceae

Oleo-resin

 

 

 

Vella chethi

Ixora acuminata L.

Rubiaceae

Roots

 

 

Vella kkoduve-li

 

Plumbago zeylanica L.

Plumbaginaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Vella kkurinji

Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees.

Acanthaceae

Roots, leaves

 

 

 

Vella kundarikam

Vateria indica L.

Dipterocarpaceae

Resin

 

 

 

Vella maruth

Terminalia paniculata Roth.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

 

Vella nava

Anogeissus latifolia Wall.

Combretaceae

W.plant

 

 

Vella okke

 

Quercus incana Roxb.

 

Fagaceae

Periderm

 

 

 

Vella ppayar

Vigna unguiculata L.

Papilionaceae

Seeds

 

 

 

Vella ppine

Terminalia paniculata Roth.

Combretaceae

Bark

 

 

 

Vella ra-macham

Andropogon jwarancasa Jones.

Poaceae

Roots

 

 

 

Vella thazhutha-ma

Boerhaavia verticillata L.

Nyctaginaceae

W.plant

 

 

Vella ummam

 

Datura metel L.

Solanaceae

Leaves

 

 

Vella yo-dal

 

Sarcostigma kleinii Wright.

Icanthaceae

Bark, leaves, oil

 

 

Vellachembakam

 

Plumeria alba L.

Apocynaceae

Root , Latex

 

 

Vellakka- ttumulla

 

Jasminum rottlerianum Wall.

Oleaceae

Leaves , Flowers

 

 

Vellakkunni

 

Abrus precatorius L.

Papilionc