Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that mostly affects cartilage. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over each other. It also helps absorb shock of movement.
Researchers from the University of Surrey identified a crucial link between metabolism and osteoarthritis. Metabolic changes, caused by the wrong diet and a sedentary lifestyle, trigger the genetic reprogramming of cells in the body and joints.
Such kind of metabolic changes, disturb and affect the cells ability to produce energy to function well. It forces it to generate alternative sources to function. The stress on these cells leads to the overproduction of glucose, which when not used for energy transforms into lactic acid, which is difficult for the body to flush out. Abnormal levels of this acid in the body leads to the inflammation of the joint's cartilage which impedes on movement and causes pain.
By identifying metabolic changes in cells, it is possible to control or significantly slow down the symptoms of osteoarthritis.
This debilitating condition disproportionately affects post-menopausal women who are more pre-disposed to the condition because of biology, genetics and hormones.
Currently in modern medicine there is no effective treatment for this painful ailment other than painkillers available to treat symptoms. So no known cure.
Lead author Professor Ali Mobasheri, Professor of Musculoskeletal Physiology at the University of Surrey, said: "For too long osteoarthritis has been known as the 'wear and tear disease' and it has been assumed that it is part and parcel of getting older. However, this is not the case and what we have learnt is that we can control and prevent the onset of this painful condition.
"It is important never to underestimate the significance of a healthy diet and lifestyle as not only does it impact upon our general wellbeing but can alter the metabolic behaviour of our cells, tissues and organs leading to serious illnesses."
Here ayurveda suggests a good healthy program for each individual to correct the system and bring back to a healthy state of physiology. It includes detoxifying and reverse aging therapy, diet and daily and seasonal routines.